Collis P. Huntington, New York (by 1897–d. 1900; life interest to his widow, Arabella D. Huntington, later [from 1913] Mrs. Henry E. Huntington, 1900–d. 1924; life interest to their son, Archer Milton Huntington, 1924–terminated in 1926)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Eighteenth-Century Woman," December 12, 1981–September 5, 1982, unnumbered cat. (p. 60, with MMA 26.168.67–69, as "Portraits of a Lady, a Gentleman, and Two Children," French, about 1785).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "European Miniatures in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," November 5, 1996–January 5, 1997, no. 277 (with MMA 26.168.63–69, as "Set of Eight Portraits Arranged as Two Bracelets").
A Catalogue of Miniatures in the Collection of Collis P. Huntington. [New York], 1897, ill. on title page.
Bodo Hofstetter. Letter to Katharine Baetjer. June 19, 1995, states that the eight miniatures depict two brothers of Elector Frederick Augustus III of Saxony and their families; identifies 26.168.63 as Anthony [Anton] and 26.168.64 as either his first wife, Charlotte of Savoy, or second wife, Maria Therese of Hapsburg; identifies 26.168.67 as Maximilian, 26.168.68 as his first wife, Caroline Maria Therese of Parma, and the four young sitters as their children.
Graham Reynolds with the assistance of Katharine Baetjer. European Miniatures in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1996, pp. 194, 196, no. 277, ill. p. 195, date the eight miniatures (MMA 26.168.63–70) about 1790–1800, stating that their arrangement is not the original one, since the French mounts were made some forty years later, and that the couples might be incorrectly paired; believe that Anton (probably 26.168.67) is most likely depicted with his second wife, Maria Therese of Hapsburg (26.168.64); agree with Richard Allen's suggestion that the miniatures might be German, and state that they may have been painted over several years by more than one artist.
This miniature is from a series of eight portraits arranged as two bracelets (MMA 26.168.63–70). Bodo Hofstetter [see Ref. 1995] identifies the sitters as the younger brothers of Elector Frederick Augustus III and their families. Anton (1755–1836), probably 26.168.67, is most likely depicted with his second wife, Maria Therese of Hapsburg (26.168.64). Maximilian (1759–1838), probably 26.168.63, is depicted with his first wife, Caroline of Parma (26.168.68). The identification of Caroline is the most certain as the miniature is based on her wedding portrait of 1792 by Anton Graff (Schloss Pilnitz, Dresden).
The catch of this bracelet is twice marked "ET," the mark used in France after 1838 for gold articles of foreign manufacture.