Pieter de Hooch (Dutch, Rotterdam 1629–1684 Amsterdam)
probably ca. 1662–65
Oil on canvas
21 5/8 x 24 3/4 in. (54.9 x 62.9 cm)
Bequest of Benjamin Altman, 1913
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 634
In this "morning after" scene, the subtle shifts in light through different rooms enhance the mood of the moment, and convey the artist's virtuosity to collectors of the time. The canvas must have been painted shortly after De Hooch moved to Amsterdam from Delft, where he had been exchanging pictorial ideas with Johannes Vermeer.
Rodolphe Kann, Paris (by 1892–d. 1905; his estate, 1905–7; cat., 1907, vol. 1, no. 52; sold to Duveen); [Duveen, Paris, London, and New York, 1907–8; sold for $77,920 to Altman]; Benjamin Altman, New York (1908–d. 1913)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 18, 2007–January 6, 2008, no catalogue.
C[ornelis]. Hofstede de Groot. "Proeve eener kritische Beschrijving van het Werk van Pieter de Hooch." Oud-Holland 10 (1892), p. 186, no. 71, as in the Kann collection.
Wilhelm [von] Bode. Gemäldesammlung des Herrn Rudolf Kann in Paris. Vienna, 1900, p. III, pl. 14.
Wilhelm [von] Bode. Gemälde-Sammlung des Herrn Rudolf Kann in Paris. Vienna, 1900, p. X.
Alfred von Wurzbach. Niederländisches Künstler-Lexikon. Vol. 1, Vienna, 1906, p. 717, as in the Kann collection.
C[ornelis]. Hofstede de Groot. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. Ed. Edward G. Hawke. Vol. 1, London, 1907, pp. 496–97, no. 74, dates it about 1665.
Catalogue of the Rodolphe Kann Collection: Pictures. Paris, 1907, vol. 1, pp. VI, 53, no. 52, ill. between pp. 52 and 53.
Marcel Nicolle. "La Collection Rodolphe Kann." Revue de l'art ancien et moderne 23 (January–June 1908), p. 197, as "Jeune couple se préparant à sortir".
François Monod. "La Galerie Altman au Metropolitan Museum de New-York (2e article)." Gazette des beaux-arts, 5th ser., 8 (November 1923), p. 310.
Karl Lilienfeld inAllgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler. Ed. Hans Vollmer. Vol. 17, Leipzig, 1924, p. 454.
C. H. Collins Baker. Pieter de Hooch. London, 1925, p. 8.
Clotilde Brière-Misme. "Tableaux inédits ou peu connus de Pieter de Hooch." Gazette des beaux-arts, 5th ser., 16 (1927), p. 267, as "Préparatifs de sortie"; dates it about 1670 or perhaps a little earlier; states that Hofstede de Groot nos. 74 and 241 are the same picture [Hofstede de Groot no. 241 refers to a picture as lot no. 313 in the Munro sale of June 1, 1878, but that sale in fact contained only 153 lots, none of which is this picture].
W. R. Valentiner. "Pieter de Hooch, Part Two." Art in America 15 (February 1927), p. 76, no. 8, as dating from the artist's middle period, 1658–68.
Handbook of the Benjamin Altman Collection. 2nd ed. New York, 1928, pp. 88–89, no. 49.
Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Pieter de Hooch. New York, , pp. XV–XVI, 275, ill. p. 61 [German ed., 1929, pp. XVII–XVIII, 275, ill. p. 61], dates it about 1660–62.
Frank Jewett Mather Jr. "The Havemeyer Pictures." The Arts 16 (March 1930), p. 462.
Bryson Burroughs. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Catalogue of Paintings. 9th ed. New York, 1931, p. 167.
Sylvia Hochfield. "Conservation: The Need is Urgent." Art News 75 (February 1976), p. 29.
Peter C. Sutton. Pieter de Hooch. Ithaca, N.Y., 1980, p. 89, no. 43, pl. 47, dates it about 1660–65; suggests that Hofstede de Groot no. 241, included in the Munro sale of 1878, may also refer to this picture [see also Ref. Brière-Misme 1927].
Julia Lloyd Williams. Dutch Art and Scotland: A Reflection of Taste. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Scotland. [Edinburgh], 1992, p. 176, states that it was probably no. 313 in H. A. J. Munro of Novar's sale in 1878.
Nanette Salomon. "Domesticating the Peasant Father: The Confluent Ideologies of Gender, Class, and Age in the Prints of Adriaen van Ostade." Images of Women in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Art: Domesticity and the Representation of the Peasant. Ed. Patricia Phagan. Athens, Ga., 1996, p. 52, fig. 11 [reprinted in "Shifting Priorities: Gender and Genre in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Painting," Stanford, 2004, p. 98, fig. 82].
Peter C. Sutton. Pieter de Hooch, 1629–1684. Exh. cat., Dulwich Picture Gallery, London. Hartford, 1998, pp. 30, 130, 132, 134, fig. 1, under no. 21, dates it about 1660–65.
Esmée Quodbach. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 65 (Summer 2007), pp. 32, 70.
Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 362–64, no. 86, colorpl. 86, dates it to the early or mid-1660s.
Raffaella Colace inVermeer: la ragazza alla spinetta e i pittori di Delft. Ed. Bert W. Meijer. Exh. cat., Foro Boario, Modena. Florence, 2007, p. 128.