Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Crusaders before Jerusalem

Artist:
Wilhelm von Kaulbach (German, Arolsen 1804–1874 Munich)
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
61 5/8 x 74 1/2 in. (156.5 x 189.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887
Accession Number:
87.15.110
Not on view
Inscription: Signed (lower left): W. Kaulbach
Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, New York (1873–d. 1887)
New York. Dahesh Museum of Art. "Telling Tales II: Religious Images in 19th-Century Academic Art," October 16, 2001–January 26, 2002, unnumbered cat. (fig. 39).

Edward Strahan [Earl Shinn], ed. The Art Treasures of America. Philadelphia, [1880], vol. 1, pp. 133–34, calls it "Godfrey de Bouillon and the Crusaders before Jerusalem" and notes that it is a "repetition of his fresco in the Berlin Museum".

"The Fine Arts: Recent Gifts to the Metropolitan Museum." Critic (April 16, 1887), p. 194, as "Vision of Godfrey".

"Gallery and Studio: The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Art Amateur 18 (December 1887), p. 7.

Walter Rowlands. "The Miss Wolfe Collection." Art Journal, n.s., (January 1889), pp. 13–14.

Catalogue of the Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1898, pp. 152–53, no. 500, identifies several figures in this picture, including Godfrey of Bouillon leading the army of crusaders and offering a crown to the apparition of Christ, Peter of Amiens kneeling in the foreground, the lady Armida, and her knight Rinaldo.

Rebecca A. Rabinow. "Catharine Lorillard Wolfe: The First Woman Benefactor of the Metropolitan Museum." Apollo 147 (March 1998), pp. 51, 54 n. 14, fig. 5.

Lisa Small. Telling Tales II: Religious Images in 19th-Century Academic Art. Exh. cat., Dahesh Museum of Art. New York, 2001, pp. 40–41, fig. 39 (color), remarks that this scene is described in the 16th century poem "Jerusalem Delivered" by Torquato Tasso and that Bouillon, depicted on the white horse, became the first ruler of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem; notes that this picture is a replica of one of six murals commissioned from Kaulbach by Friedrich Wilhelm IV for the stairwell of the Neue Pinakothek in Berlin (now destroyed), adding that Kaulbach worked on the murals from 1847–63.



This picture is a replica of one of six murals commissioned from Kaulbach by Friedrich Wilhelm IV for the stairwell of the Neue Pinakothek in Berlin (the original is no longer extant). The nobleman Godfrey de Bouillon, first ruler of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, is depicted on a white horse before an apparition of Christ and the Virgin (see Small 2001).
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