Simon Scrope, Danby Hall, Yorkshire (by 1893–at least 1894); [R. Langton Douglas, London]; Philip Lehman, New York (by 1928–d. 1947; cat., 1928, pl. LI); his son, Robert Lehman, New York (1947–65)
London. New Gallery. "Exhibition of Early Italian Art from 1300 to 1550," 1893–94, no. 54 (as by Matteo da Siena, lent by S. Scrope).
Robert Lehman. The Philip Lehman Collection, New York: Paintings. Paris, 1928, unpaginated, pl. LI, as by Matteo di Giovanni.
[F. Mason] Perkins inAllgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler. Ed. Hans Vollmer. Vol. 24, Leipzig, 1930, p. 256.
Lionello Venturi. Pitture italiane in America. Milan, 1931, unpaginated, pl. CCXXV.
Bernhard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, 1932, p. 351.
Lionello Venturi. Italian Paintings in America. Vol. 2, Fifteenth Century Renaissance. New York, 1933, unpaginated, pl. 294, calls it a mature work.
Marialuisa Gengaro. "Matteo di Giovanni." La Diana 9, nos. 3–4 (1934), pp. 167–68, dates it between about 1470 and 1480.
Bernhard Berenson. Pitture italiane del rinascimento. Milan, 1936, p. 302.
Raimond van Marle. The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting. Vol. 16, The Hague, 1937, p. 356, includes it with pictures he dates towards the end of Matteo's career.
Bernard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Central Italian and North Italian Schools. London, 1968, vol. 1, p. 259.
Burton B. Fredericksen and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections. Cambridge, Mass., 1972, pp. 139, 322, 407, 430, 609.
Federico Zeri with the assistance of Elizabeth E. Gardner. Italian Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Sienese and Central Italian Schools. New York, 1980, p. 48, pl. 58, call it typical of Matteo's late style and compare it with his altarpiece of the Assumption of the Virgin (Santa Maria dei Servi, Sansepolcro), commissioned in 1487; date the MMA painting to about the same time, and definitely before 1491, the date of the lunette of the Massacre of the Innocents in Santa Maria dei Servi, Siena.
Dóra Sallay. "Early Sienese Paintings in Hungarian Collections, 1420–1520." PhD diss., Central European University, Budapest, 2008, p. 233 n. 558, mentions it as close in composition to a "Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints and Angels" by Cozzarelli in the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest.