Art/ Collection/ Art Object

A General and His Aide-de-camp

Artist:
Ernest Meissonier (French, Lyons 1815–1891 Paris)
Date:
1869
Medium:
Oil on wood
Dimensions:
7 3/4 x 10 7/8 in. (19.7 x 27.6 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Bequest of Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, 1887
Accession Number:
87.15.37
Not on view
Inscription: Signed and dated (lower right): EMeissonier [initials in monogram] 1869
[Francis Petit, 1869; bought from the artist in October for Fr 15,000]; baron Strousberg, Berlin (until 1873); Catharine Lorillard Wolfe, New York (1873–d. 1887)
New York. National Academy of Design. "Pedestal Fund Art Loan Exhibition," December 3, 1883–January 1, 1884, no. 16 (as "General and Adjutant," lent by Miss Catharine Wolfe).

Portland, Oreg. Portland Art Museum. "Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition, 1892–1842," December 2, 1942–January 3, 1943, no. 52 (as "A General and His Aide de Camp").

New York. Knoedler. "An Exhibition of Paintings and Prints of Every Description, on the Occasion of Knoedler, One Hundred Years, 1846–1946," April 1–27, 1946, no. 66 (as "General and Aide-de-camp").

Toledo Museum of Art. "The Spirit of Modern France: An Essay on Painting in Society, 1745–1946," November–December 1946, no. 37 (as "A General and His Aide-de-camp").

Art Gallery of Toronto. "The Spirit of Modern France: An Essay on Painting in Society, 1745–1946," January–February 1947, no. 37 (as "A General and His Aide-de-camp").

Edward Strahan [Earl Shinn], ed. The Art Treasures of America. Philadelphia, [1880], vol. 1, p. 125, as "Road near Antibes".

The Complete Works of E. Meissonier with Biography. New York, [1884], vol. 1, pl. XXXV, as "Promenade au bord de la mer".

Philippe Burty in Gustave Larroumet. Meissonier. Paris, [1885], ill. opp. p. 84 (detail), as "Chemin faisant".

Marius Chaumelin. Portraits d'artistes: E. Meissonier, J. Breton. Paris, 1887, pp. 51–52, no. 143, as "Promenade au bord de la mer".

Lionel Robinson. J. L. E. Meissonier, Hon. R. A. London, [1887], ill. p. 23 (detail, engraving), as "Causerie".

"The Wolfe Pictures." New York Times (November 7, 1887), p. 4.

Mrs. Schuyler van Rensselaer. "The Wolfe Collection at the Metropolitan Museum. II." Independent 39 (November 24, 1887), p. 9.

"Gallery and Studio: The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Art Amateur 18 (December 1887), p. 7.

Walter Rowlands. "The Miss Wolfe Collection." Art Journal, n.s., (January 1889), p. 14, as "A General and Adjutant, Shores of Antibes".

"'Meissoniers' Owned by Americans." Art Amateur 24 (March 1891), p. 6, identifles the figures as the artist and his son.

Sophia Antoinette Walker. "Fine Arts: The Painting Master in the Wolfe Collection." Independent 46 (August 2, 1894), p. 12.

"The Metropolitan Museum of Art—The French Painters." New York Times (May 22, 1895), p. 4.

Vallery C. O. Gréard. Meissonier: His Life and his Art. New York, 1897, p. 372, ill. p. 1, as "General and Adjutant, the Salice Road, Antibes" in the caption and "The Salice Road, Antibes" in the list of works.

Frank Fowler. "The Field of Art: Modern Foreign Paintings at the Metropolitan Museum, Some Examples of the French School." Scribner's Magazine 44 (September 1908), p. 382, as "General and Adjutant".

Joseph C. Sloane. French Painting Between the Past and the Present: Artists, Critics, and Traditions, from 1848 to 1870. [reprint 1973]. Princeton, 1951, p. 119 n. 51, as "A General and Adjutant".

Charles Sterling and Margaretta M. Salinger. French Paintings: A Catalogue of the Collection of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Vol. 2, XIX Century. New York, 1966, pp. 151–52, ill., identify the landscape as the Salice Road, along the sea at Antibes, noting that several Meissonier pictures from 1868 depict the same setting with different figures.

Impressionist and Modern Paintings and Sculpture—Part II, Watercolours and Drawings—Part II. Sotheby's, London. March 29, 1973, p. 127, under no. 202, calls it "Général et Aide de camp–Route de la Salice, Antibes"; publishes a pen and ink study for this painting.

Philippe Guilloux. Meissonier: Trois siècles d'histoire. Paris, 1980, ill. p. 40 (detail).

Maureen C. O'Brien in Maureen C. O'Brien. In Support of Liberty: European Paintings at the 1883 Pedestal Fund Art Loan Exhibition. Exh. cat., Parrish Art Museum. Southampton, N.Y., 1986, pp. 24, 32, 34, 46 n. 15, pp. 96, 166–67, fig. 14, colorpl. XXI, remarks that although the selection committee for the 1883 exhibition chose this picture because they sought "paintings that were modern in technique and intimate in scale and intent," they denied it a place of honor and installed it in a corridor under the staircase at the National Academy.

Ronald G. Pisano in Maureen C. O'Brien. In Support of Liberty: European Paintings at the 1883 Pedestal Fund Art Loan Exhibition. Exh. cat., Parrish Art Museum. Southampton, N.Y., 1986, p. 69.

Constance Cain Hungerford in Ernest Meissonier: Rétrospective. Exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyons. Lyons, 1993, p. 198, fig. 7.

Dominique Brachlianoff in Ernest Meissonier: Rétrospective. Exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyons. Lyons, 1993, p. 150, under no. 74, calls it "Le Général et son aide de camp. Route de la Salice"; remarks that it depicts almost exactly the same site and composition as "Antibes. La promenade à cheval" (1868; Musée d'Orsay, Paris).

Constance Cain Hungerford. Ernest Meissonier: Master in His Genre. Cambridge, 1999, p. 163, notes that this picture was purchased by Francis Petit in October 1869 for Fr 15,000.

19th Century European Art. Sotheby's, New York. October 29, 2002, p. 16, under no. 10, mentions it as one version of Meissonier's Antibes landscapes from 1868–69, including "Self-Portrait along the Route de la Salice, Antibes".



Meissonier painted several similar compositions of figures along the Salice Road, near the sea at Antibes, including Antibes. La promenade à cheval (1868; Musée d'Orsay, Paris).
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