Camille Pissarro (French, Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas 1830–1903 Paris)
Oil on canvas
29 x 36 1/4 in. (73.7 x 92.1 cm)
Gift of Katrin S. Vietor, in loving memory of Ernest G. Vietor, 1966
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 820
In December 1898 Pissarro wrote from Paris that he had "engaged an apartment at 204 rue de Rivoli, opposite the Tuileries, with a superb view of the garden, the Louvre to the left, in the background the houses on the quays behind the trees, to the right the Dôme des Invalides, and the steeples of Sainte-Clotilde behind clumps of chestnut trees. It’s very beautiful. I shall have a fine series to paint." During the following winter and spring he painted eight cityscapes looking toward the Louvre, and six, like this one, of the Tuileries Gardens with Sainte-Clotilde in the background.
Inscription: Signed and dated (lower left): C.Pissarro.99
Camille Pissarro, Paris (1899; given by the artist on January 29 to Alfred Sisley's children to assist them after their father's death; their sale, Georges Petit, Paris, May 1, no. 68, as "Les Tuileries, après-midi d'hiver," for Fr 4,800 to Durand-Ruel and Bernheim-Jeune); [Durand-Ruel and Bernheim-Jeune, Paris, 1899–at least 1900; Durand-Ruel's share sold to Bernheim-Jeune on February 24, 1900]; Lazare Weiller, Paris (until 1901; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, November 29, no. 35, as "Les Tuileries, après-midi d'hiver," ill. [engraving by André Marty], for Fr 3,650); [Bernheim-Jeune, Paris, from 1917; purchased in May]; Léon Pedron, Le Havre (until 1926; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, June 2, no. 42, as "Le Jardin des Tuileries," ill., to Druet); [Druet, Paris, 1926–30; sold in March 1930]; [?Eisenl., until 1930; sold for fl. 15,000 to Van Beuningen ]; D. G. van Beuningen, Rotterdam (from 1930); Mme de Mauge-van Beuningen, Paris; [Otto Wertheimer, Paris, in 1951; part share purchased on Feb. 21 by Knoedler]; [Knoedler, New York, 1951; sold on April 10, for $16,000 to Vietor]; Mr. and Mrs. Ernest G. Vietor, New York and Greenwich, Conn. (1951–his d. 1959); Katrin S. (Mrs. Ernest G.) Vietor, New York and Greenwich, Conn. (1959–66)
Paris. Galerie Durand-Ruel. "Exposition C. Pissarro," January 14–February 2, 1901, no. 11 [see Pissarro and Venturi 1939].
Paris. Galeries Durand-Ruel. "L'œuvre de Camille Pissarro," April 7–30, 1904, no. 112 (as "Le Jardin des Tuileries: Hiver," lent by MM. Bernheim-Jeune).
Paris. Bernheim-Jeune. "Camille Pissarro," April 13–25, 1908, no. 13 (possibly this picture) [see Snollaerts 2005].
Paris. château de Bagatelle. "Exposition des peintres de jardins des XVIIIe et XIXe siècles," June–July 1928, no. 72 (as "Le Jardin des Tuileries," lent by M. Druet).
Amsterdam. Stedelijk Museum. "Vincent van Gogh en zijn tijdgenooten," September 6–November 2, 1930, no. 247 (as "Tuin van de Tuileriën," lent by D. G. van Beuningen, Rotterdam).
Paris. Galerie André Weil. "Exposition Pissarro," June 1–27, 1950, no. 33 (as "Vue des Tuileries").
London. Matthiesen Gallery. "A Camille Pissarro Exhibition," June 28–July 25, 1950, no. 31 (as "Le jardin des Tuileries, après-midi d'hiver").
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Impressionism: A Centenary Exhibition," December 12, 1974–February 10, 1975, not in catalogue.
Camille Pissarro. Letter to Lucien Pissarro. December 4, 1898 [published and translated in John Rewald, ed., "Camille Pissarro, Letters to His Son Lucien," London, 1980, p. 333], mentions that he has rented an apartment at 204 rue de Rivoli, facing the Tuileries, and plans to paint a series based on the view [PV1097–1110, 1123–1136].
Camille Pissarro. Letter to Lucien Pissarro. April 12, 1899 [published and translated in John Rewald, "Camille Pissarro, Letters to his Son Lucien," London, 1980, p. 335], mentions that he is sending a painting from the Tuileries series, "The Garden of the Tuileries on a Winter Afternoon," probably this picture, to an auction for the benefit of Sisley's children.
Jules de Saint-Hilaire. "L'Exposition Pissarro." Le Journal des arts (January 26, 1901), p. 1 [see Ref. Snollaerts 2005].
Madeleine Octave Maus. Trente années de lutte pour l'art: 1884–1914. Brussels, 1926, ill. opp. 314, erroneously states that it was included in the Libre esthétique exhibition, Brussels, in 1901.
Ludovic Rodo Pissarro and Lionello Venturi. Camille Pissarro, son art—son œuvre. reprint ed. 1989. Paris, 1939, vol. 1, p. 234, no. 1098; vol. 2, pl. 219, no. 1098.
Anne Schirrmeister. Camille Pissarro. New York, 1982, p. 17.
Christopher Lloyd inRetrospective Camille Pissarro. Exh. cat., Isetan Museum of Art. [Tokyo], 1984, p. 139, under no. 62, identifies it as part of a series of views of the Jardin des Tuileries seen from an apartment at 204 rue de Rivoli, painted between December 1898 and April 1899 (PV 1097–1110); identifies the buildings visible throughout the series.
Richard R. Brettell and Joachim Pissarro. The Impressionist and the City: Pissarro's Series Paintings. Ed. Mary Anne Stevens. Exh. cat., Dallas Museum of Art. New Haven, 1992, pp. 108, 213, no. 70, colorpl. 77.
Janine Bailly-Herzberg. Pissarro et Paris. Paris, 1992, pp. 26, 106–7, ill.
Albert Kostenevich. Hidden Treasures Revealed: Impressionist Masterpieces and Other Important French Paintings Preserved by the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. Exh. cat.New York, 1995, p. 165, ill.
Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts in Joachim Pissarro and Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts. Pissarro: Critical Catalogue of Paintings. Milan, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 45, 59 n. 314, pp. 365–67, 375–76, 387, 428; vol. 3, pp. 782–84, 955, 959, no. 1260, ill. (color).
Alexia de Buffévent in Joachim Pissarro and Claire Durand-Ruel Snollaerts. Pissarro: Critical Catalogue of Paintings. Milan, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 286–88, 290, 299, 304.
Susan Alyson Stein inThe Masterpieces of French Painting from The Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1800–1920. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York, 2007, p. 77.
Susan Alyson Stein inMasterpieces of European Painting, 1800–1920, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, p. 91.
Paula Deitz inThe Art of the Louvre's Tuileries Garden. Exh. cat., High Museum of Art. Atlanta, 2013, pp. 23–25.
In a letter written to his son Lucien from Eragny, December 4, 1898, Pissarro speaks of having rented an apartment on the Rue de Rivoli, facing the Tuileries, with a "superb view of the Park . . . the Louvre to the left, in the background the houses on the quays behind the trees, to the right the Dôme des Invalides, the steeples of Sainte-Clotilde behind the solid mass of chestnut tress . . . I shall paint a fine series" [see John Rewald, ed., "Letters to His Son Lucien." 1980, p. 333].
The first series, including this picture, "The Garden of the Tuileries on a Winter Afternoon" (MMA 1979.414), and "The Garden of the Tuileries on a Spring Morning" (MMA 1992.103.3) (Pissarro and Venturi nos. 1097–1110), were painted in 1899, almost entirely in the winter and early spring months, from the window of the apartment. The second series of the Tuileries garden (PV nos. 1123–1136) was painted in 1900.
Artist: Camille Pissarro (French, Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas 1830–1903 Paris)Date: 1886Medium: Graphite, pen and black-gummed ink on buff wove paper (glossy on verso); right margin torn from notebookAccession: 1975.1.679On view in:Not on view