Andrew Robertson was born in Aberdeen. His elder brothers Archibald (24.21
) and Alexander (1772–1841) went to New York in the early 1790s and established the Columbian Academy of Painting there. Andrew copied some portraits by Henry Raeburn (1756–1823). On his arrival in London in 1801 he set out to counteract the influence of Richard Cosway (62.49
) by giving his miniatures the appearance of painting in oil; he also favored the rectangular format rather than the oval which was then standard. He was the master of the prominent Victorian miniaturist Sir William Charles Ross (1794–1860). He died in Hampstead, North London.The Miniature:
The monogram AR
at right is that of Andrew Robertson and not, as catalogued by Christie's (see Provenance), that of his brother Archibald.
[2016; adapted from Reynolds and Baetjer 1996]