Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Grainfields

Artist:
Jacob van Ruisdael (Dutch, Haarlem 1628/29–1682 Amsterdam)
Date:
mid- or late 1660s
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
18 1/2 x 22 1/2 in. (47 x 57.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Friedsam Collection, Bequest of Michael Friedsam, 1931
Accession Number:
32.100.14
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 638
This canvas of the mid- to late 1660s depicts a road through grainfields and, in the distance, a village church. Contemporary viewers would have understood immediately the relationships between the rainclouds, the fields, and the mill. The finely detailed painting was owned by the English painter Sir Joshua Reynolds between 1756 and his death in 1792.
Forthcoming
Inscription: Signed (lower right): JvRuisdael [initials in monogram]
John De Pesters, London (until 1756; his sale, Prestage, [London], April 1, 1756, no. 10 or 11, both to Reynolds); Sir Joshua Reynolds, London (1756–d. 1792; his estate, 1792–95; his estate sale, Christie's, London, March 17, 1795, no. 46, a pair, for 50 gns. [£52.10.0] to Hardman); William Hardman (from 1795); Thomas Hardman (until 1838; his sale, Winstanley and Sons, Manchester, October 19, 1838, no. 54, for 87 gns. to Edwards); Louis Viardot, Paris (until 1863); Gustave Rothan, Paris (until 1890; his estate sale, Georges Petit, Paris, May 29, 1890, no. 95, for Fr 24,000 to Lehmann); Albert Lehmann, Paris (1890–1925; his sale, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, June 12, 1925, no. 282, for Fr 210,000 to Kleinberger); [Kleinberger, Paris and New York, from 1925]; Michael Friedsam, New York (by 1928–d. 1931)
London. No. 28 Haymarket. "Ralph's Exhibition of Pictures," 1791, no. 91 or 93 (both as "Landscape," by Ruysdale [sic]).

Paris. Musée de l'Orangerie. "Exposition hollandaise: Tableaux, aquarelles et dessins anciens et modernes," April–May 1921, no. 90 (lent by Albert Lehmann, Paris).

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Michael Friedsam Collection," November 15, 1932–April 9, 1933, no catalogue.

New York. World's Fair. "Masterpieces of Art: European & American Paintings, 1500–1900," May–October 1940, no. 90.

Milwaukee Auditorium. "Metropolitan Art Museum $1,000,000 Masterpiece Exhibition," March 7–14, 1953, unnumbered cat. (p. 13).

Austin, Tex. City Coliseum. "Texas Fine Arts Festival: Metropolitan Museum $1,000,000 Collection of Old Masters," April 18–26, 1953, unnum. checklist.

University Art Museum, University of California at Berkeley. "Dutch Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," November 25, 1969–January 4, 1970, checklist no. 13.

Houston. Rice University. "Dutch Masters from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," January 18–March 1, 1970, checklist no. 13.

The Hague. Mauritshuis. "Jacob van Ruisdael," October 1, 1981–January 3, 1982, no. 31.

Cambridge, Mass. Fogg Art Museum. "Jacob van Ruisdael," January 18–April 11, 1982, no. 31.

Amsterdam. Rijksmuseum. "Masters of 17th-Century Dutch Landscape Painting," October 2, 1987–January 3, 1988, no. 83.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Masters of 17th-Century Dutch Landscape Painting," February 3–May 1, 1988, no. 83.

Philadelphia Museum of Art. "Masters of 17th-Century Dutch Landscape Painting," June 5–July 31, 1988, no. 83.

Athens. National Gallery Alexandros Soutzos Museum. "From El Greco to Cézanne: Masterpieces of European Painting from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York," December 13, 1992–April 11, 1993, no. 18.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 18, 2007–January 6, 2008, no catalogue.

Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. "Earth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art; Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," October 6, 2012–January 4, 2013, no. 106.

Beijing. National Museum of China. "Earth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art; Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," February 8–May 9, 2013, no. 106.

John Smith. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters. Vol. 6, London, 1835, p. 28, no. 73 or 74, as a pair of landscapes from the collection of Sir Joshua Reynolds sold in 1795 for 50 gns.

Charles Blanc. Chronique des arts et de la curiosité, supplément à la Gazette des beaux-arts (1863), p. 130, as in the Viardot collection.

Cornelis Hofstede de Groot. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. Ed. Edward G. Hawke. Vol. 4, London, 1912, p. 50, no. 141, as sold at the 1890 Rothan sale for Fr 24,000.

Wilhelm R. Valentiner in The Michael Friedsam Collection. [completed 1928], p. 13, gives provenance and cataloguing information; as engraved by Maxime Lalanne.

Jakob Rosenberg. Jacob van Ruisdael. Berlin, 1928, pp. 77, 116, no. 87, as in the Friedsam collection.

Wolfgang Stechow. Dutch Landscape Painting of the Seventeenth Century. London, 1966, p. 29, fig. 37, dates it to the 1660s.

Seymour Slive. Jacob van Ruisdael. Exh. cat., Mauritshuis, The Hague. New York, 1981, pp. 94, 96–97, no. 31, ill. (color), compares it with an "autograph variant" in the Öffentliche Kunstsammlungen, Basel (inv. 924; Rosenberg 1928, no. 72) which he dates to the early 1660s, dating the MMA work to a few years later.

Alan Chong in Masters of 17th-Century Dutch Landscape Painting. Exh. cat., Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Boston, 1987, pp. 445–48, no. 83, ill. p. 445 and colorpl. 99, dates it to the 1660s; analyzes the subject.

Peter C. Sutton in Masters of 17th-Century Dutch Landscape Painting. Exh. cat., Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Boston, 1987, pp. 8, 51.

Francis Broun. "Sir Joshua Reynolds' Collection of Paintings." PhD diss., Princeton University, 1987, vol. 1, p. 135; vol. 2, pp. 74–76, identifies it as having belonged to Joshua Reynolds and provides the provenance prior to Viardot.

Walter Liedtke. "Dutch Paintings in America: The Collectors and Their Ideals." Great Dutch Paintings from America. Exh. cat., Mauritshuis, The Hague. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1990, p. 52.

Josine M. Eikelenboom Smits. "The Architectural Landscapes of Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot." PhD diss., Stanford University, 1991, vol. 1, p. 328; vol. 2, fig. 305, uses it as an example of a compositional type that influenced Corot.

E. John Walford. Jacob van Ruisdael and the Perception of Landscape. New Haven, 1991, p. 149, fig. 154, as "Country Road with Cornfields"; dates it to the 1660s.

Deborah Krohn et al. in From El Greco to Cézanne: Masterpieces of European Painting from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Exh. cat., National Gallery Alexandros Soutzos Museum. Athens, 1992, p. 307, no. 18, ill. (color) [catalogue section unpaginated], dates it about 1665.

Peter C. Sutton. Dutch & Flemish Seventeenth-Century Paintings: The Harold Samuel Collection. Cambridge, 1992, pp. 170, 172 n. 6.

Seymour Slive. Jacob van Ruisdael: Master of Landscape. Exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art. London, 2005, pp. 25–26, 263 n. 58, fig. 31 (color).

Esmée Quodbach. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 65 (Summer 2007), p. 38.

Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 2, pp. 792–95, no. 181, colorpl. 181, dates it to the mid- or late 1660s.

Walter Liedtke in Earth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art; Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. [Tokyo], 2012, p. 252, no. 106, ill. [Chinese ed., Hefei Shi, 2013, pp. 234–35, no. 106, ill. (color, overall and detail)].

Peter Barnet and Wendy A. Stein in Earth, Sea, and Sky: Nature in Western Art; Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat., Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum. [Tokyo], 2012, p. 168, ill. pp. 37, 170–71 (color, overall and detail).



Related Objects

The Forest Stream

Artist: Jacob van Ruisdael (Dutch, Haarlem 1628/29–1682 Amsterdam) Date: ca. 1660 Medium: Oil on canvas Accession: 89.15.4 On view in:Gallery 638

Landscape with a Village in the Distance

Artist: Jacob van Ruisdael (Dutch, Haarlem 1628/29–1682 Amsterdam) Date: 1646 Medium: Oil on wood Accession: 65.181.10 On view in:Gallery 638

Mountain Torrent

Artist: Jacob van Ruisdael (Dutch, Haarlem 1628/29–1682 Amsterdam) Date: 1670s Medium: Oil on canvas Accession: 25.110.18 On view in:Not on view

Dredging a Canal

Artist: Jacob van Ruisdael (Dutch, Haarlem 1628/29–1682 Amsterdam) Date: 17th century Medium: Pen and black ink over black chalk, brush and gray wash. Framing line in pen & brown ink. Accession: 1994.88 On view in:Not on view

Canal Landscape with a Fisherman

Artist: Attributed to Jacob van Ruisdael (Dutch, Haarlem 1628/29–1682 Amsterdam) Date: 17th century Medium: Black chalk, brush and gray wash. Framing line in pen & brown ink Accession: 1975.131.162 On view in:Not on view