Copy after Valenciennes's "Ruins at the Villa Farnese"
French Painter (early 19th century)
Oil on paper, laid down on canvas
9 1/4 x 15 1/4 in. (23.5 x 38.7 cm)
Harry G. Sperling Fund, 1978
Not on view
sale, Stack's, New York, May 8, 1952, no. 71, as "La ville Adrien, près Tivoli et Roma," by School of Corot; private collection, Stony Point, N.Y. (until 1977; sold to Rochat); [Guillaume F. Rochat, New York, 1977; sold to Lishawa]; [J. Lishawa & Co., London, 1977; sold on December 20 to MMA]
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Artists in Rome in the 18th Century: Drawings and Prints," February 28–May 7, 1978, unnumbered cat. (as "Roman ruins," by Valenciennes).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Landscapes by French Artists, 1780–1880," November 17, 1987–February 14, 1988, no catalogue.
Geneviève Lacambre. "Introduction." Pierre-Henri de Valenciennes, 1750–1819: Actes du colloque du 28 mai 2003. Portet-sur-Garonne, 2005, pp. 17–18, 23 n. XXVI, fig. 3, dates it before 1819, during Valenciennes's lifetime; proposes that it is a replica by one of his students of the oil sketch in the Louvre (R.F. 2943); suggests that it be compared with works by Vinchon, who created oil sketches on paper, laid down on canvas.
Valenciennes commonly made his Italian oil sketches available to his students for copying (see Vincent Pomarède in In the Light of Italy: Corot and Early Open-air Painting, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1996, pp. 92–95). This work is most likely a replica by one of his students of Ruins at the Villa Farnese (Musée du Louvre, Paris; inv. no. R.F. 2943). A drawing of this same site, possibly a study for the Louvre oil sketch, is in Valenciennes's "Rome" notebook (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris).