Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Flora and Zephyr

Artist:
Jacob de Wit (Dutch, Amsterdam 1695–1754 Amsterdam)
Date:
1743
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
20 7/8 x 24 7/8 in. (53 x 63.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1906
Accession Number:
07.225.301
Not on view
Inscription: Signed and dated (lower left): J.d.Wit / .1743
?the artist, Jacob de Wit, Amsterdam (1743–d. 1754; his estate sale, Amsterdam, March 10, 1755, no. ?, as an unknown ceiling sketch); [Georges Hoentschel, Paris, until 1906; sold to Morgan]; J. Pierpont Morgan, New York (1906)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 18, 2007–January 6, 2008, no catalogue.

Bard Graduate Center: Decorative Arts, Design History, Material Culture. "Salvaging the Past: Georges Hoentschel and French Decorative Arts from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," April 3–August 11, 2013, no. 33.

André Pératé and Gaston Brière. Collections Georges Hoentschel. Vol. 3, XVIIIe siècle. Paris, 1908, p. 23, as a ceiling sketch, "des nymphes et des amours répandant des fleurs".

Roger Mandle. "A Ceiling Sketch by Jacob de Wit." Museum News: Toledo Museum of Art, n.s., 18, no. 1 (1975), p. 12, fig. 12, as an oil sketch for the ceiling painting in Gerrit Hooft's house at Herengracht 609, Amsterdam.

Nicole Hoentschel et al. Georges Hoentschel. Saint-Rémy-en-l'Eau, 1999, ill. pp. 176, 179 (gallery installations), reproduces photographs of it hanging in Hoentschel's gallery on Boulevard Flandrin.

Walter Liedtke. "Gerard de Lairesse and Jacob de Wit 'in situ'." The Learned Eye: Regarding Art, Theory, and the Artist's Reputation: Essays for Ernst van de Wetering. Ed. Marieke van den Doel et al. Amsterdam, 2005, pp. 195–96, 198, 203 n. 26, fig. 3.

Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 2, pp. 956–60, no. 220, colorpl. 220.

William DeGregorio in Salvaging the Past: Georges Hoentschel and French Decorative Arts from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ed. Daniëlle Kisluk-Grosheide et al. Exh. cat., Bard Graduate Center: Decorative Arts, Design History, Material Culture. New York, 2013, pp. 94–95, no. 33, ill. (color).



Wit made this oil sketch as a modello for the canvas ceiling painting that he completed in 1744 for the grand canal house of Gerrit Hooft (1708–1780) at 609–11 Herengracht, Amsterdam. The contents of the house were sold at auction in 1928. The original ceiling canvas is now installed in the Huis te Manpad near Heemstede, while the four corner pieces that framed the central composition of Flora and Zephyr are now in Keizersgracht 319, Amsterdam.

This sketch may be listed among unnamed ceiling sketches in Wit's estate sale catalogue of 1755; each of these is described as "Een dito [Blaffonstukje], onbekend," meaning it was not known for which project the artist used it.
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