Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Sack of Jerusalem by the Romans

Artist:
François Joseph Heim (French, Belfort 1787–1865 Paris)
Date:
1824
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
14 x 15 in. (35.6 x 38.1 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Catharine Lorillard Wolfe Collection, Wolfe Fund, 2002
Accession Number:
2002.69
Not on view
Heim, the pre-eminent official painter of the Bourbon Restoration, is one of the least known painters to have achieved fame and success in France in the 1820s. His oil sketches have always been prized by connoisseurs, and this one is especially vigorous. It is one of two preparatory sketches for the much larger picture of the same subject that was shown at the Salon of 1824 (Musée du Louvre, Paris). The painting is filled with dramatic action as the Romans attack the Jerusalemites against a backdrop of classical buildings with crowds gathered on the steps.
Inscription: Signed and dated (lower left, indistinctly): Heim 1824
[art market, Paris, 1987–at least 1995]; sale, Sotheby's, New York, January 24, 2002, no. 72, for $18,000 to Mazoh; [Stephen Mazoh & Co., Rhinebeck, N.Y., 2002; sold to MMA]
Jean-Pierre Cuzin. "François-Joseph Heim (1787–1865), peintre d'esquisses." Bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de l'Art Français, année 1991, (1992), pp. 205–6, fig. 15, discusses the three sketches for the painting "The Sack of Jerusalem" (Musée du Louvre, Paris, no. 5305): the earliest in the Musée de Beaux-Arts, Angers, one in the Louvre, and this one (art market, Paris, in 1987, whereabouts then unknown), the definitive modello, which is indistinctly signed and dated in the lower left, Heim 1824.

Isabelle Julia in Les années romantiques: Le peinture française de 1815 à 1850. Exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nantes. Paris, 1995, p. 399, under no. 111, lists it, under the entry for the sketch at the Louvre, as a modello with slightly different dimensions.



This is one of three sketches for the large finished painting Heim exhibited at the Salon of 1824 as no. 885: "Sujet tiré de l'histoire des Juifs, par Josephe". That work is now no. 5305 in the Musée du Louvre, Paris, where it is called "Le destruction de Jérusalem par les Romains". The other two sketches are in the Musée de Beaux-Arts, Angers (36 x 46 cm), and the Louvre (29 x 34 cm).
Related Objects

The Martyrdom of Saint Hippolytus

Artist: François Joseph Heim (French, Belfort 1787–1865 Paris) Date: 19th century Medium: Oil paint, over black chalk on fine canvas, varnished Accession: 1988.251 On view in:Not on view

Battle Scene

Artist: François Joseph Heim (French, Belfort 1787–1865 Paris) Date: 19th century Medium: Pen and watercolor on paper Accession: 47.43.1 On view in:Not on view

Scenes from "El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha" by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra

Artist: Designer: François Joseph Heim (French, Belfort 1787–1865 Paris) Date: ca. 1813 Medium: Cotton Accession: 2009.323.19 On view in:Not on view

The Virgin and Child and the Holy family, bound in Monuments des Arts du Dessin, volume 2, plate 115

Artist: François Joseph Heim (French, Belfort 1787–1865 Paris) Date: 1829 Medium: Lithograph Accession: 1994.220(2.54) On view in:Not on view

Submersion of the pharoh's army, bound in Monuments des Arts du Dessin, volume 2, plate 111

Artist: François Joseph Heim (French, Belfort 1787–1865 Paris) Date: 1829 Medium: Lithograph Accession: 1994.220(2.50) On view in:Not on view