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清 王鑑 仿古山水圖 冊 紙本
Landscapes in the styles of ancient masters

Artist:
Wang Jian (Chinese, 1609–1677 or 1688)
Period:
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
Date:
17th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Album of eighteen leaves; ink and color on paper
Dimensions:
11 3/4 x 12 3/8 in. (29.8 x 31.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Edward Elliott Family Collection, Gift of Douglas Dillon Gift, 1989
Accession Number:
1989.235.2a–u
Not on view
Wang Jian's paintings exemplify the vision of a man steeped in tradition. A member of the educated elite, Wang enjoyed access to the region's numerous private collections as well as inheriting a rich assemblage of old masters from his grandfather Wang Shizhen (1526-1590). This firsthand knowledge of past masterpieces inspired Wang to follow the example of Dong Qichang (1555-1636) in seeking a personal artistic synthesis through the diligent study of "orthodox" models.

This album is a virtuoso display of Wang Jian's command over his tradition. Each leaf recalls a specific past master, yet each presents a new solution in which the model is transformed by the smaller, album format as well as by Wang's distinctive brush mannerisms.
Inscription: Artist's inscription and signature (1 column in standard script, on the last painting):

摹一十八番。王鑑

Eighteen copies of paintings. Wang Jian

Artist's seals

Jian 鑑 (on each painting)

Frontispiece

Yang Jizhen 楊繼振(ca. 1832–ca. 1893), 6 columns in large seal script, undated; 2 seals:

Xiangbi Jushi's [Wang Jian's] eighteen large landscapes in the manner of various ancient masters.

湘碧居士仿古諸家山水鉅跡一十八幀 [印]: 子丕繼振, 人都道是詩豪

Colophons

1. Yang Jizhen楊繼振 (ca. 1832–ca. 1893), 2 columns in large seal script and 2 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1857; 1 seal (Leaf T):

又雲齋所藏元照第一名跡
丁巳春月觀廠收此于蘊珍齋,越歲戊午冬十月裝于京邸星鳳堂,倣漢瑑題識,并繪像于冊端。繼振 [印]: 繼震

2. Yang Jizhen 楊繼振, 14 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1857; 5 seals (Leaf TT):

廉州此冊標曰摹古,然每幀祗有“鍳”字小印,並無題語。窺其用筆,十、九宋元勝朝諸流,指未一縷,蓋平日巾箱秘本,故能竅元鑿妙,神理俱全,一渲一染皆不妄設,非泛泛狥人涉筆者比。亦以見取資于上,不屑平眎齊量,即一藝之微不苟,于自立如此。學者于此窺見古人用心,雖藝也亦可進于道矣。往日見諸著錄,如《庚子消夏錄》之石田巨冊十六幀圖畫,精意識之,石谷畫槀三十幀,皆繪苑瓌寳,安得宇内秀氣胥來吾几席間耶。
石谷學廉州,世稱入室。昨在友人處見一本,清蒼妍潤,為晚年著意之作,前亦有“查氏圖書”,知同是依竹堂物,纸素潔白,瑩若霜雪,然以之并閱,筆力懸絕,不翅逕庭,洵乎婁東畫派必推瑯牙,不數太原也。
丁巳八月與楊編修慶麐論畫及此展看偶記。天藤漫仕楊繼振又雲父,時在京邸祗德堂後室南榮。[印]: 猗歟又雲、楊繼震印、楊、辛卯、宏農楊氏世家

3. Yang Jizhen 楊繼振, 12 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1857; 5 seals (Leaf U):

廉州此冊題曰摩古,然每幀只有小印,並無題語。窺其筆,十、九宋元勝國諸流,指未一縷,蓋平時巾箱秘本,故尓竅元鑿妙,神理俱全,一渲一染皆不妄設,非泛泛狥人涉筆者比。亦以見取資于上,不欲平眎齊量,即一藝之微不苟,于自立如此,學者于此窺見古人用心,雖藝也亦可進于道矣。往日見諸著錄,如《庚子銷夏錄》之石田巨冊十六幀,精意錄之石谷畫槀三十幀,皆藝林瓌寳,安得宇内秀氣胥在吾几席間耶。次行脫“用”字此補。
丁巳仲夏過宣南坊,評閱古蹟,見此于米家船,閱月遂歸予星鳳堂,為婁東三王之冠。天藤漫仕楊繼振又雲父識于宋墨寮。 [印]: 花押、 楊、繼震、 又雲、 天騰漫仕

4. Yang Jizhen楊繼振, 11 columns in semi-cursive script, undated; 3 seals (Leaf UU):

取神取法總煩言,一脈何須判宋元。
欲識倪黄真面目,更從董巨與探源。

悔不看山過一生(用公題畫語),長披短抹若分明。
須知缾酒湖橋日,便是顛巌撒手行。

南北宗風屬一家,西田老去助煙霞。
君恩特許亷州往,百粵山川壯畫义。(公入粵後,筆墨一變而為雄奇。)

君家司農古作者,宜也宸也寔精能。(謂麓臺、澥谷、蓬心諸公。)
百年文采今猶在,垂老丹青有阿曾。(予來江南數載,得交公諸孫子,若梅垞而茜石,尤長六法,得麓臺心傳。)

涼籟舂夜,梁蟾媚獨。隱囊雅拄,時與臥游。炳炬興思,想落贉錦,輒掇緒論。靜和杵唫得什四章,並續冊末。觀者鍳其賞心,勿更絮其饒舌。繼振題。 [印]: 楊、繼振、 又雲先生手稿

Collectors' seals

Yin Shubo 殷樹柏 (1769–1847)
Shubo 樹柏
Manqing 曼卿
Yin Shubo yin (twice) 殷樹柏印

Huang Quchen 黃去塵 (19th c.?)
Huang shi Quchen (18 times) 黃氏,去塵

Dashou 達受 (1791–1858)
Liuzhou 六舟

Yang Jizhen 楊繼振 (ca. 1832–1893)
Xinmao 辛卯
Youyun zhangwu 又雲長物
Jizhen (18 times) 繼振
Youyun miji (17 times) 又雲秘笈
Yang 楊
Yang Jizhen yin 楊繼震印
Jiangnan diyi fengliu gongzi 江南第一風流公子

Unidentified
Erquan Shanren 二泉山人
Mo sanwei 墨三味
Graphic seal (15 times)
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