Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

Hanging

Date:
19th century
Geography:
Iran, Rasht
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Wool; plain weave, joined, embroidered
Dimensions:
Textile: L. 75 in. (190.5 cm) W. 52 in. (132.1 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Embroidered
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1910
Accession Number:
10.33.1
Not on view
Traditionally, the chain stitch (gulab-duzi) was used in much Persian embroidery. The Caspian city of Rasht was known to have supplied the Safavid court at Ardebil and excelled at the art, hence Rasht embroidery (rashti-duzi) developed into a unique craft. Executed by male professional embroiderers in well-organized workshops, the panels were characterized by the use of felted flannel wool (face cloth, often used in military uniforms of the region) for the ground. The designs were pounced with powdered chalk, and chain stitched in firmly twisted colored silks using metal crochet hooks. As in the present hanging, the outer borders were often patched bands of different colors, elaborately worked in a riot of colors. The unique charm of this prayer-niche hanging, however, is in the elegant rendition of the meditative tree design, replete with Sufi symbolism. The layered, symmetrical tree alludes to the stages (maqamat) of Sufism, while the birds, creatures that link the Earth and the Heavens, symbolize the divine guidance in the ascent of the believer's soul in prayer.
von Pirch(until 1910; sold to MMA)
Related Objects

The Anhalt Medallion Carpet

Date: probably first half 16th century Medium: Cotton (warp), silk (weft), wool (pile); asymmetrically knotted pile Accession: 46.128 On view in:Gallery 462

Tiraz Fragment

Date: dated A.H. 266/A.D. 879–80 Medium: Silk; plain weave, embroidered Accession: 31.106.27 On view in:Gallery 453

Pen Box (Qalamdan) Depicting Shah Isma'il in a Battle against the Uzbeks

Date: early 19th century Medium: Papier-maché; painted and lacquered Accession: 2006.523a, b On view in:Gallery 462

Swan-Neck Glass Bottle

Date: 19th century Medium: Glass, blue; dip-molded, blown, folded foot Accession: 17.190.829 On view in:Gallery 462

Velvet with Figural Imagery

Date: mid-16th century Medium: Silk, metal wrapped thread; cut and voided velvet Accession: 52.20.11 On view in:Gallery 455