Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Chastisement of a Pupil

Painting by Muhammad Qasim (active ca. 1600–d. 1659)
Object Name:
Album leaf
dated 114 (A.H. 1014/ A.D. 1605–6)
Iran, Mashhad
Ink, watercolor, and gold on paper
Painting: H. 9 3/4 in. (24.8 cm) W. 6 5/16 in. (16 cm) Page: H. 13 5/8 in. (34.6 cm) W. 9 in. (22.9 cm) Mat: H. 19 1/4 in. (48.9 cm) W. 14 1/4 in. (36.2 cm) Frame: H. 21 5/8 in. (55 cm) W. 16 3/4 in. (42.5 cm) D. 1 3/16 in. (3 cm)
Credit Line:
Frederick C. Hewitt Fund, 1911
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 462
In this drawing, two elderly dervishes witness a boy’s chastisement. School scenes such as this example often include figures burnishing paper and practicing calligraphy. The artist, Muhammad Qasim, was one of the proponents of the style developed by Riza‑yi 'Abbasi, known for its innovative use of line and wash colors.
Inscription: Signature in Persian, in nasta‘liq script, on the right-hand side of the drawing:

رقم خاکسار محمد قاسم سنه ۱۰۱۴

The humble Muhammad Qasim drew it [in the] year A.H. 1014 [ A.D. 1605–6]

Marking: Inscribed: drawn by the lowly Muhammad Qasim, 114 (1104 ?)
Ph. Walter Schulz, Leipzig (in 1910); [ Gustav Crayen, until 1911; sold to MMA]
Schulz, Ph. Walter. Die Persisch-Islamische Miniaturmalerei. Vol. vols. I, II. Leipzig: Hiersemann, 1914. vol. II, ill. table 166.

Swietochowski, Marie, and Sussan Babaie. Persian Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1989. no. 34, pp. 78-79, ill. pl. 34 (b/w).

Yarshater, Ehsan, ed. Encyclopaedia Iranica vol. 7 (1996). p. 545, ill. pl. XLII (b/w).

Melikian-Chirvani, Assadullah. "L'Art de l'Iran Safavide 1501–1736." In Le Chant du Monde. Paris: Musée du Louvre, 2007. no. 147, pp. 392-93, ill. (color).

Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 153, pp. 226-227, ill. p. 227 (color).

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