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"Physician Preparing an Elixir", Folio from a Materia Medica of Dioscorides

Object Name:
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
Date:
dated A.H. 621/ A.D. 1224
Geography:
Iraq or Northern Jazira, possibly Baghdad
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Dimensions:
Page: H. 13 1/16 in. (33.2 cm) W. 9 3/4 in. (24.8 cm) Mat size: H. 19 1/4 in. (48.9 cm) W. 14 1/4 in. (36.2 cm) Frame: 16 3/4 x 21 5/8 in.
Classification:
Codices
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1913
Accession Number:
13.152.6
Not on view
Figural book painting started in the Islamic world as an art form in the late Abbasid Iraq of the 13th century. The translation of a Greek manuscript shows a Physian preparing an elixir.
Inscription: Definition: Arabic. There are two translations:

Translation of text by R. D. Messaiah: Preparation of medicine (wine) for colds or coughs: ease the throat by taking 1/4 oke of bitter root, 1/8 oke of licorice root, 1/4 or 1/8 oke of white pepper. Pulverize them together and put the resulting powder into a cloth, tie it up, and immerse it in sweet wine for three days. Strain the liquor into a clean vessel. Drink after dinner.
Notes: 1 oke, a measure of weight equaling about 2-3/4 lbs., measure of capacity, equals about 2/3 of a quart.

Translation of text by F. D. Day, 1950: The making of a drink (shirab) for catarrhs, coughs, swelling of the belly, and loosening of the stomach. Take myrrh 1/4 uqiyya, roots of susan 1/8 uqiyya, white pepper 1/4 and (...) 1/8 uqiyya. Pound them together, tie it up in a rag, put into 3 qusts of good wine, and let stand three days. Then strain and put into a clean vessel. Drink after supper.

Marking: See additional card.
F. R. Martin, Stockholm (by 1910–at least 1912); [ G.J. Demotte, Paris, until 1913; sold to MMA]
Martin, F. R. The Miniature Painting and Painters of Persia, India and Turkey from the 8th to the 18th century. vol. 1. London: Bernard Quaritch, 1912. no. vol. II, p. 7, ill. pl. 5b.

Sarre, Friedrich Dr, and F. R. Martin. "Die Stoffe, die Waffen, Holz und Elfenbein." In Die Ausstellung von Meisterwerken Muhammedanischer Kunst in Munchen 1910. Munich: F. Bruckmann A.-G., 1912. no. 583, volume 1, ill. pl. 5b, (ill. 57.51.21).

Anet, Claude. "Exhibition of Persian Miniatures at the Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Paris." Burlington Magazine vol. 22 (1912). pp. 15-16, ill. pl. I, A (b/w).

Sarre, F., H. R. Martin, and Moriz Dreger. Meisterwerke muhammedanischer Kunst auf der Ausstellung München, 1910: Teppiche, Waffen, Miniaturen, Buchkunst, Keramik, Glas und Kristall, Stein- Holz-und Elfenbeinarbeiten, Stoffe, Metall, Verschiedenes. Munich: Bruckmann, 1912. no. 582.

Kühnel, Ernst. Miniaturmalerei im Islamischen Orient. Berlin, 1922. ill. pl. 5.

Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Mohammedan Decorative Arts. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1930. p. 19, ill. fig. 1 (b/w).

Gluck, Heinrich, and Ernst Diez. Die Kunst des Islam. Propylaen Kunstgeschichte, vol. 5. Berlin: Propylaen-Verlag, 1925. pp. 95, 502.

Dimand, Maurice S. "A loan of Near Eastern Miniature Paintings." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 22 (1927). p. 127.

Dimand, Maurice S., ed. "Dated Specimens of Mohammedan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." MMA Studies 1, pt.2 (1929). p. 208, ill. fig. 1.

Stchoukine, Ivan. La Peinture Iranienne sous les derniers 'Abbasides et les Il-Khans. Bruges, 1936. no. II, Description of this manuscript.

Holter, Kurt. "Die Islamischen Miniaturhandschriften for 1350." Zentralblatt fur Blibliothekswesen vol. 54 (1937). no. 27, p. 11.

Buchthal, Hugo, Otto Kurz, and Richard Ettinghausen. "Supplementary Notes to K. Holter's checklist of Islamic Ill. Mss. before 1350." Ars Islamica vol. 7 (1940). no. 27, pp. 151-152.

Buchthal, Hugo. "Journal of the Walters Art Gallery, vol V, 1942." Early Islamic Miniatures from Baghdad V (1942). no. 9, 10, 15, pp.19-39, 20, ill. figs. 12, 13, 17, Leaves from MS now in Top Kapu Saray, Istanbul, which has colophon giving name of copyist and date Rajab AH 621. No. 9, fig. 12 illustrates 56.20; no. 10, fig. 13 illustrates 57.51.21; no. 15, fig. 17 illustrates 13.152.6.

Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Muhammadan Art. 2nd rev. and enl. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. p. 26, ill. fig. 13 (b/w).

Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Muhammadan Art. 3rd rev. and enl. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1958. pp. 25-26, ill. figs. 13.

Dimand, Maurice S. "New Accessions of Islamic Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 16 (April 1958). pp. 228-229, ill.

Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Muhammadan Art. Publications, 36.. Lahore: The Panjabi Adabi Academy, 1964. p. 26, ill. fig. 13 (b/w).

"Austellung 27 Mai bis 5 Aug., 1962." In Kunstschatze aus Iran. 1962. no. 556, ill. pl. 82.

Swietochowski, Marie, and Richard Ettinghausen. "Islamic Painting." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 36, no. 2 (Autumn 1978). p. 5, ill. p. 5 (b/w).

"Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art New York." In The Arts of Islam. Berlin, 1981. no. 19, pp. 68-69, ill. p. 69 (b/w).

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Daniel S. Walker, Arturo Ponce Guadián, Sussan Babaie, Stefano Carboni, Aimee Froom, Marie Lukens Swietochowski, Tomoko Masuya, Annie Christine Daskalakis-Matthews, Abdallah Kahil, and Rochelle Kessler. "Colegio de San Ildefonso, Septiembre de 1994-Enero de 1995." In Arte Islámico del Museo Metropolitano de Arte de Nueva York. Mexico City: Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, 1994. no. 11, pp. 66-67, ill. p. 67 (color).

L'Age d'Or des Sciences Arabes. Paris: Institut du Monde Arabe, 2005. no. 110, p. 183, ill. fig. 110 (color).



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