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"Alexander Fights a Sea Battle", Folio from a Khamsa (Quintet) of Amir Khusrau Dihlavi

Poet:
Amir Khusrau Dihlavi (1253–1325)
Artist:
Dharmadas
Object Name:
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
Date:
1597–98
Geography:
India
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Main support: Ink, opaque watercolor, gold on paper Margins: Gold on dyed paper
Dimensions:
H. 9 3/4 in. (24.8 cm) W. 6 1/4 in. (15.9 cm)
Classification:
Codices
Credit Line:
Gift of Alexander Smith Cochran, 1913
Accession Number:
13.228.32
Not on view
In the episode illustrated, Alexander the Great has ordered the construction of a tall tower surmounted by a revolving mirror in order to battle the pirates menacing the Mediterranean Sea. The protagonists appear as contemporary Indians wearing turbans and tunics, rather than ancient Greeks, and one of the fighters uses a gun, an invention from nearly two millennia after Alexander’s time.
Inscription: 'amal-i Dharmadasa
Alexander Smith Cochran, Yonkers, NY (until 1913; gifted to MMA)
Bowie, Theodore Robert, and T. Brend. East-West in Art. Patterns of Aesthetic and Cultural Relationships. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1966. ill. fig. 307.

Brend, Barbara. "Akbar's Khamsa of Amir Khursaw Dihlavi-A Reconstruction of the Cycle of Illustration." Artibus Asiae vol. 49, nos. 3, 4 (1988/89). ill. pl. 12.

Seyller, John. "The Walters Art Museum Khamsa of Amir Khusraw of Delhi." In Pearls of the Parrot of India.. Baltimore, MD: Walters Art Museum, 2001. no. XX, pp. 84-85, ill. fig. 25 (color).

Brend, Barbara. "Illustrations to Amir Khusrau's Khamsa." In Perspectives on Persian Painting. New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. pp. 198, 226-38, pp. 48, 264.



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