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Carpet with Palm Trees, Ibexes, and Birds

Object Name:
Carpet
Date:
late 16th–early 17th century
Geography:
present-day Pakistan, Lahore
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Cotton (warp and weft), wool (pile); asymmetrically knotted pile
Dimensions:
Rug: L. 328 in. (833.1 cm) W. 108 in. (274.3 cm) Wt. 132 lbs. (59.9 kg) Storage Tube: L. 132 in. (335.3 cm) Diam. 9 in. (22.9 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Rugs
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.858
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 463
This carpet, with its pictorial depiction of trees, birds, and animals, is conceived like a textile with a repeat design in which each unit reverses the direction of the preceding one. The ibexes, Chinese mythological beasts called qilins, and animals in combat, are derived from Safavid Persian art, as is the border design of cartouches and star-shaped medallions with cloud bands. The palm tree, however, is a very Indian feature, as is the generally naturalistic drawing of the flora and fauna and the bright red color of the field. The relationship to Persian carpet design dates this example to the early Mughal period, soon after the first carpet workshops were established by the emperor Akbar in Lahore, Agra, and Fatehpur Sikri.
Lady Sackville, Knole Park, Kent, England; J. Pierpont Morgan, New York (until d. 1913; his estate 1913–17; gifted to MMA)
Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Muhammadan Art. 2nd rev. and enl. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. p. 304, ill. fig. 201 (b/w).

Dimand, Maurice S., and Jean Mailey. Oriental Rugs in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1973. no. 54, pp. 119-20, 129, ill. fig. 128.

Ettinghausen, Richard. "Islamic Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 33, no. 1 (Spring 1975). ill. pp. 44-45 (color.

Gans-Ruedin, Erwin. Indian Carpets. London: Thames and Hudson Inc., pp. 82-83, ill. pl. 83.

Welch, Stuart Cary. The Islamic World. vol. 11. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. pp. 139, 141, ill. fig. 108 (color).

Ellis, Charles. Oriental Carpets in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1988. p. 100.

Walker, Daniel S. Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. no. 4, pp. 42-43, 164, ill. figs. 33, 34, (color).

Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 262, pp. 4, 372-374, ill. p. 373 (color).

Denny, Walter B. How to Read Islamic Carpets. New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014. pp. 91-93, ill. fig. 78 (color).



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