Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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明 戴進 雪歸圖 軸
Returning home through the snow

Artist:
Dai Jin (Chinese, 1388–1462)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
ca. 1455
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 66 x 32 1/2 in. (167.6 x 82.6 cm) Overall with mounting: 118 3/4 x 38 1/2 in. (301.6 x 97.8 cm) Overall with knobs: 118 3/4 x 42 3/4 in. (301.6 x 108.6 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Purchase, John M. Crawford Jr. Bequest, 1992
Accession Number:
1992.132
Not on view
A solitary figure, too humbly dressed for the cold buffeting wind, draws a protective sleeve to his face as he quickly makes his way to the comfort of the dwelling nestled among bare trees and snow-laden bamboo—perhaps Dai's own Bamboo Snow Studio. Dai Jin was one of the last major masters to embody the artistic traditions of the Southern Song Imperial Painting Academy, but he was also a very versatile painter who drew inspiration from diverse sources. In this painting, the manner of outlining forms with a gentle sinuous line, the large and powerful deciduous trees, and the scale of the figure in relationship to the setting recall the works of the Yuan artist Sheng Mou (act. ca. 1310–60).

The tendency toward swift, sketchy, cursive brushwork here is a hallmark of Dai Jin's later work. Dai sometimes painted precariously close to the edge of control, creating a distinctively kinesthetic, movement-filled style that was fresh and new and that would greatly influence later Ming professional painting.
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (1 column in semi-cursive script)

Painted by Dai Wenjin from Qiantang [in Zhejiang].

錢唐戴文進寫。

Artist’s seals

錢唐戴氏文進
玉泉道人
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Imperial Painting of the Ming Dynasty: The Zhe School," March 10, 1993–May 9, 1993.

Dallas Museum of Art. "Imperial Painting of the Ming Dynasty: The Zhe School," June 6, 1993–August 1, 1993.

Zurich. Museum Rietberg. "The Mandate of Heaven: Emperors and Artists in China," April 2, 1996–July 7, 1996.

Museum für Asiatische Kunst, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. "The Mandate of Heaven: Emperors and Artists in China," August 3, 1996–November 10, 1996.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The New Chinese Galleries: An Inaugural Installation," 1997.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Millennium of Chinese Painting: Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," September 8, 2001–January 13, 2002.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Cultivated Landscapes: Reflections of Nature in Chinese Painting with Selections from the Collection of Marie-Hélène and Guy Weill," September 10, 2002–February 9, 2003.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Painting, Masterpieces from the Permanent Collection," August 28, 2004–February 20, 2005.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Four Seasons," January 28, 2006–August 13, 2006.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Journeys: Mapping the Earth and Mind in Chinese Art," February 10, 2007–August 26, 2007.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of the Ming Dynasty: China's Age of Brilliance," January 23, 2009–September 13, 2009.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Chinese Gardens: Pavilions, Studios, Retreats," August 18, 2012–January 6, 2013.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Chinese Painting from the Metropolitan Collection II," May 7, 2016–October 11, 2016.

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