"Kai Khusrau, Farangis and Giv Crossing the River Jihun (Oxus)", Folio from a Shahnama (Book of Kings)
Abu'l Qasim Firdausi (935–1020)
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
Attributed to India
Main support: Ink, opaque watercolor, silver, and gold on paper
Margins: Ink and gold on dyed paper
7.37 in. high 7.62 in. wide (18.7 cm high 19.4 cm wide)
The Grinnell Collection, Bequest of William Milne Grinnell, 1920
Not on view
In the silvery river at the foreground of this image, three horses bear Farangis, widow of Siyavush (in the center), her son Kai Khusrau, the future king of Iran (in the front), and the hero Giv (at the rear) across the Oxus River to safety from the Turanian army. In a departure from the textual description, Kai Khusrau’s horse, formerly Siyavush’s black steed, is shown as white, and Farangis, said to be dressed in armor so as to escape notice, is depicted veiled.
William Milne Grinnell, New York (until d. 1920; bequeathed to MMA)
Palm Beach, FL. The Society of the Four Arts. "Loan to the Society of the Four Arts, Palm Beach, Fl," February 2, 1962–February 27, 1962, no catalogue.
Joseph Breck. "The William Milne Grinell Bequest." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, o.s., vol. XV (1920). pp. 273-275.
Binyon, Laurence, Basil Gray, and James Vere Stewart Wilkinson. "Including a Descriptive Catalogue of the Miniatures Exhibited at Burlington House." In Persian Miniature Painting. London, 1933.
Dimand, Maurice S. "New York, October 9 through January 7, 1933–1934." In A Guide to an Exhibition of Islamic Miniature Painting and Book Illumination. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1933. p. 28.
Islamic Painting. 1933.
Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Muhammadan Art. 2nd rev. and enl. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. pp. 38-39.
Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 239B, pp. 4, 343, ill. p. 343 (color).