The Hamzanama recounts the adventures of Hamza, an uncle of the Prophet Muhammad who was a legendary defender of the faith. This painting shows Misbah on the right and Parran on the left as they plot to rescue Hamza’s kidnapped son. It comes from a multivolume, large‑scale copy of the text made for the emperor Akbar, which took approximately fifteen years to complete. Unlike most books, its paintings were possibly meant to be held up for an audience while a storyteller recited the text.
Reiza Khan Monif, Paris and New York (until 1924; his sale, AndersonGalleries, New York, February 29, 1924, lot 165, to MMA)
University Gallery, University of Florida. "Miniatures and Small Sculptures from India," April 10, 1966–May 29, 1966, no. 73.
Bloomington. Indiana University. "Islamic Art Across the World," June 18, 1970–October 1, 1970, no. 124.
Indianapolis. Indianapolis Museum of Art. "Treasures from the Metropolitan," October 25, 1970–January 3, 1971, no. 88.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Bright Side of Battle: Symbol and Ceremony in Islamic Arms and Armor," January 17, 1985–September 1, 1985, no catalogue.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Indian Court Painting," March 25, 1997–July 6, 1997, no. 7.
University Gallery, University of Florida. "April 10th thru May 29th, 1966." In Miniatures and Small Sculptures from India. 1966. no. 73.
Bowie, Theodore Robert. "An Exhibition Prepared by Theodore Bowie." In Islamic Art Across the World. Vol. no. 1970/3. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Art Museum, 1970. no. 124, p. 65, ill. fig. 124.
Indianapolis Museum of Art. "Catalogue of the Inaugural Exhibition of the Indianapolis Museum of Art." In Treasures of the Metropolitan. Indianapolis, 1970. no. 88, p. 127, ill.
Welch, Stuart Cary. The Islamic World. vol. 11. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. pp. 132-33, ill. fig. 102 (color).
Kossak, Steven M., ed. Indian Court Painting 16th–19th century. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. no. 7, pp. 32-33, ill. p. 33 (color).
Seyller, John, Thackston M. Wheeler, Ebba Koch, Antoinette Owen, and Rainald Franz. The Adventures of Hamza. Washington, D.C.; London: Azimuth Editions, 2002. no. 54, pp. 168,169, 267, ill. (color), (related) pp. 300-301.