"Chinese Emperor Standing in Pavilion", Folio from a Majma al-Tavarikh (Compendium of Histories) of Hafiz-i Abru
Hafiz-i Abru (d. 1430)
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
present-day Afghanistan, Herat
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Overall: H. 16 1/2 in. (41.9 cm)
W. 12 3/4 in. (32.4cm)
Mat: H. 19 1/4 in. (48.9 cm)
W. 14 1/4 in. (36.2 cm)
Frame: Ht. 21 1/4 in. (54 cm)
W. 16 1/4 in. (41.3 cm)
D. 1 1/2 in. (3.8 cm)
Gift of V. Everit Macy, 1929
Not on view
Written by court historian Hafiz-i Abru and modelled after the Ilkhanid Jami al-Tavarikh, the text of the Majma al-Tavarikh begins at the time of Adam and continues into the rule of Shah Rukh (r. 1405–47). This folio comes from the final page of a chapter relating to Oghuz, legendary ruler of the Turks. The manuscript, which was originally composed of 407 folios including 150 miniatures, remained intact until at least 1928. Its paintings were executed in three different styles. This folio displays Chinese influence in its motifs as well as in its limited palette, painterly brushstrokes, and use of unpainted paper as a ground.
[ Emile Tabbagh, Paris, until at least 1928]; V. Everit Macy, New York (until1929; gifted to MMA)
University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. "Special Persian Exhibition," 1926.
London. British Museum. "Ming: Courts and Contacts 1400–1450," September 18, 2014–January 4, 2015.
Pope, Arthur Upham. "Special Persian Exhibition." Bulletin of the Pennsylvania Museum Vol. XXII, no. 107 (November 1926). pp. 245-251.
Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Mohammedan Decorative Arts. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1930. pp. 22-23, ill. fig. 3 (b/w).