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Capital

Date:
10th century
Geography:
Spain, probably Cordoba
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Marble; carved
Dimensions:
H. 14 1/2 in. (36.8 cm) W. 13 1/2 in. (34.3 cm) D. 13 1/2 in. (34.3 cm) Wt. 140 lbs. (63.5 kg)
Classification:
Sculpture
Credit Line:
Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915
Accession Number:
30.95.134
Not on view
This capital probably came from the splendid Umayyad royal residence city of Madinat al-Zahra', near Cordoba, Spain, which was founded in 936. The classical tradition so important in Umayyad Syrian art is evident here. This is not surprising in light of the Syrian roots of this caliphal house (711–1031), which arose in Spain after the Umayyad dynasty was replaced and almost extinguished by the new 'Abbasid rulers centered in Baghdad.
Inscription: Inscription on boss at top and center of one side: Made by Khairah or Khanarah?

Inscription in Arabic in cursive script on boss at one side of capital:
عمل خبرة
Made by Khabara[?]
Theodore M. Davis, New York (by 1914–d. 1915; bequeathed to MMA)
Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Muhammadan Art. 2nd rev. and enl. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. p. 106, ill. fig. 60 (b/w).

Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 40, p. 72, ill. p. 72 (color).

Ekhtiar, Maryam, and Claire Moore, ed. "A Resource for Educators." In Art of the Islamic World. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012. pp. 116-117, ill. pl. 21 (color).



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