Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

十一面観音影向図
Eleven-Headed Kannon on Mount Fudaraka

Period:
Kamakura period (1185–1333)
Date:
13th century
Culture:
Japan
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 42 1/2 × 16 1/8 in. (108 × 41 cm) Overall with mounting: 71 3/4 × 22 3/4 in. (182.2 × 57.8 cm) Overall with knobs: 71 3/4 × 24 3/8 in. (182.2 × 61.9 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Harry G. C. Packard Collection of Asian Art, Gift of Harry G. C. Packard, and Purchase, Fletcher, Rogers, Harris Brisbane Dick, and Louis V. Bell Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, and The Annenberg Fund Inc. Gift, 1975
Accession Number:
1975.268.20
Not on view
Described in the sutras as a mountainous island in the southern sea, Mount Fudaraka (Sanskrit: Potalaka) is said to be the residence of the bodhisattva Kannon (Sanskrit: Avalokiteshvara). In China, this island was popularly believed to be off the coast of Ningbo in Zhejiang province. Because Ningbo was the main port for ships from Japan during the medieval period, the cult of Fudaraka Kannon became known in Japan and was eventually assimilated into syncretic mountain worship (shugendō). Certain sacred Japanese mountains, such as Kumano and Kasuga, came to be revered as Pure Land abodes of Kannon, who is viewed as an emanation of the Amida Buddha (Sanskrit: Amitābha). Here, Kannon is shown with eleven heads (jūichimen), one of the most commonly depicted of the deity's thirty-three forms.

Details in the landscape, such as the spring blossoms and autumn leaves, reflect the painting's role as a virtual pilgrimage to the sacred mountainous sites.
Related Objects

Portrait of Shun'oku Myōha (1311–1388)

Date: ca. 1383 Medium: Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk Accession: 2007.329 On view in:Not on view

Aizen Myōō

Date: 14th century Medium: Hanging scroll; ink, color, gold, and cut gold leaf on silk Accession: 66.90 On view in:Not on view

Mandala of Wakamiya of Kasuga Shrine (Kasuga wakamiya mandara)

Date: early 14th century Medium: Hanging scroll; ink, color, gold, and cut gold on silk Accession: 1997.113 On view in:Gallery 223

Mandala of the Four Deities of Mount Kōya

Date: 14th century Medium: Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk Accession: 1994.309 On view in:Gallery 223

Emperor Xuanzong's Flight to Shu

Date: mid-12th century Medium: Hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on silk Accession: 41.138 On view in:Not on view