12th–13th century, with early 20th-century additions
Attributed to Iran
Gypsum plaster; modeled, painted, and gilded
Diam. 7-1/2 in. (19 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1937
Not on view
This piece speaks to a “transformation” trend of the early twentieth century: the “improvement” (if not forging) of artifacts. The addition of polychromy and gilding was common, but analyses can prove twentieth-century intervention only if the pigments are modern. For instance, the cobalt blue and the gold powder on this roundel are modern, while the lapis, cinnabar, and vermillion could be modern or medieval.
[ J.K. Nazare-Aga, Paris, until 1937; sold to Eustache de Lorey for MMA]
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Riding Across Central Asia: Images of the Mongolian Horse in Islamic Art," April 26, 2000–November 12, 2000, no catalogue.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Transformed: Medieval Syrian and Iranian Art in the Early 20th cent.," February 10, 2016–July 17, 2016, no catalogue.
Dimand, Maurice S. A Handbook of Muhammadan Art. 2nd rev. and enl. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. p. 92.
Ettinghausen, Richard. "The Flowering of Seljuq Art." Metropolitan Museum Journal vol. 3 (1970). p. 129, ill. fig. 22.
"Masterpieces from The Metropolitan Museum of Art New York." In The Arts of Islam. Berlin, 1981. no. 41, pp. 112-113, ill. p. 113 (b/w).
Alexander, David. Furusiyya: Catalogue. vol. 2. Riyadh,Saudi Arabia: King Abdulaziz Public Library, 1996. no. 104, p. 131, ill. p. 131 (color).