"Alexander the Great and Dying Darius", Folio from a Majma' al-Tavarikh (Compendium of Histories) of Hafiz-i Abru
Hafiz-i Abru (d. 1430)
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
Opaque watercolor, silver, and gold on brownish paper
17 x 13in. (43.2 x 33cm)
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1952
Not on view
Written by court historian Hafiz-i Abru and modelled after the Ilkhanid Jami' al-Tavarikh, the text of the Majma' al-Tavarikh begins at the time of Adam and continues into the rule of Shah Rukh (r. 1405–47). This folio depicts Alexander the Great, a historic figure who figures prominently in various Persian literaturary and histories, where he is described as the half-brother of the Persian king Darab (sometimes identified as Darius). Alexander and Darab go to war, and Darab’s attendants decide to kill their leader and pledge allegiance to Alexander. Here, Alexander discovers his dying half-brother and tells him of their common parentage before promising to put the murderers to death.
[ Emile Tabbagh, Paris and New York]; Dikran G. Kelekian, New York (by 1934–d. 1951; his estate, New York,1951–52; soldto MMA)
University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. "Special Persian Exhibition," 1926.
Pope, Arthur Upham. "Special Persian Exhibition." Bulletin of the Pennsylvania Museum Vol. XXII, no. 107 (November 1926). pp. 245-251.