Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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"Shah Jahan on Horseback", Folio from the Shah Jahan Album

Artist:
Painting by Payag (Indian, active ca. 1591–1658)
Calligrapher:
Mir 'Ali Haravi (d. ca. 1550)
Object Name:
Album leaf
Date:
verso: ca. 1630; recto: ca. 1530–50
Geography:
Attributed to India
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H. 15 5/16 in. (38.9 cm) W. 10 1/8 in. (25.7 cm)
Classification:
Codices
Credit Line:
Purchase, Rogers Fund and The Kevorkian Foundation Gift, 1955
Accession Number:
55.121.10.21
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 463
Payag worked for the emperors Akbar, Jahangir, and Shah Jahan over the course of a remarkably long, seven-decade career, and his brother Balchand was also a talented painter with whom he collaborated on a handful of paintings. The attribution of this portrait to Payag, written in the border below the painting by Shah Jahan, was recently confirmed by the discovery of a microscopic signature on the golden tip of the emperor’s bow.
Signature: 55.121.10.21 recto:
In Persian, last line of calligraphy: The poor sinner 'Ali the scribe.
Microscopic signature of Payag on the golden tip of the emperor’s bow.

Inscription: Inscription in Persian in nasta‘liq script:
عمل پایاگ
Work of Payag
Jack S. Rofe, Scotland (1929; sale, Sotheby's, London,December 12, 1929, to Kevorkian); [ Hagop Kevorkian, New York, from 1929]; [ Kevorkian Foundation, New York, until 1955; gift and sale to MMA]
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Emperor's Album: Images of Mughal India," October 21, 1987–February 14, 1988, nos. 59 and 60.

Zurich. Museum Rietberg. "Wonder of the Age: Master painters of India, 1100–1900," April 30, 2011–August 21, 2011, no. 40.

Welch, Stuart Cary, Annemarie Schimmel, Marie Lukens Swietochowski, and Wheeler M. Thackston. The Emperors' Album: Images of Mughal India. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. nos. 59, 60, pp. 202-205, ill., verso pl. 59 (color); recto pl. 60 (b/w).

de Montebello, Philippe, and Kathleen Howard, ed. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. 6th ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992. p. 329, ill. fig. 40 (color).

Okada, Amina. Imperial Mughal Painters: Indian Miniatures from the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Paris: Flammarion, 1992. p. 211, ill. fig. 248 (b/w), verso.

Burn, Barbara, ed. Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York; Boston: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. p. 85, ill. (color).

Stronge, Susan, Khushwant Singh, Nikky-Guninder Kaur Singh, Patwant Singh, A. S. Melikian-Chirvani, B. N. Goswamy, Rosemary Crill, Ian Knight, David Jones, B. N. Goswamy, F. S. Aijazuddin, and Divia Patel. The Arts of the Sikh Kingdoms, edited by Susan Stronge. Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 1999. no. 27, p. 64, ill. pl. 63 (color).

Crill, Rosemary, and Kapil Jariwala. The Indian Portrait, 1560–1860. London: National Portrait Gallery, London, 2010. p. 29, ill. fig. 5.

Beach, Milo C., Eberhard Fischer, and B.N. Goswamy. Masters of Indian Painting. Vol. Vols. I, II. Zurich, Switzerland: Artibus Asiae Publishers, 2011. vol. I, pp. 322, 329, ill. fig. 6 (color).

Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 250C, pp. 340, 358-60, ill. p. 359 (color).

Guy, John, and Jorrit Britschgi. Wonder of the Age: Master Painters of India 1100–1900. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. 40, pp. 89-91, ill. p. 91 (color), p. 90 (color detail).

Haidar, Navina, and Courtney Stewart. "Jewels from the Al-Thani Collection." In Treasures from India. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014. p. 80, ill. (color).



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