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"Portrait of Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II of Bijapur", Folio from the Shah Jahan Album

Artist:
Painting by Hashim (active 1620–60)
Calligrapher:
Mir 'Ali Haravi (d. ca. 1550)
Object Name:
Album leaf
Date:
verso: ca. 1620; recto: 1534 or later
Geography:
India
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Dimensions:
H. 15 5/16 in. (38.9 cm) W. 10 in. (25.4 cm)
Classification:
Codices
Credit Line:
Purchase, Rogers Fund and The Kevorkian Foundation Gift, 1955
Accession Number:
55.121.10.33
Not on view
Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II (r. 1580–1627) was the sixth ruler of Bijapur, a kingdom in the Deccan region of India. It has been argued that the artist Hashim, who painted this likeness, joined the Mughal imperial atelier around 1620, after serving in the Deccan. Whereas the strong contours, costume details, and palette are considered to be vestiges of Hashim’s Deccani origins, his thoroughly Mughal rendering of facial features is attributed to changes made under Jahangir’s guidance.
Signature: 55.121.10.33 recto:
In Persian, in lower left triangle: Written by Mir 'Ali.

Inscription: 55.121.10.33 verso:
In Persian, along left side of portrait (in Jahangir's hand): "A good portrait of Ibrahim 'Adil Khan"
In Persian, under portrait (in Shah Jahan's hand): "Work of Hashim"

Marking: 55.121.10.33 verso:
Margin number '51' is inscribed in the gilt margin.
Jack S. Rofe, Scotland (in 1929; sale, Sotheby's London,December 12, 1929, to Kevorkian); [ Hagop Kevorkian, New York, from 1929]; [ Kevorkian Foundation, New York, until 1955; gift and sale to MMA]
Skelton, Robert. "Documents for the Study of Painting at Bijapur in the Late Sixteenth and Early Seventeenth Centuries." Arts Asiatiques vol. 5 (1958). p. 103, ill. fig. 3 (b/w).

Swietochowski, Marie, and Richard Ettinghausen. "Islamic Painting." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 36, no. 2 (Autumn 1978). p. 40, ill. p. 40 (b/w).

Welch, Stuart Cary, Annemarie Schimmel, Marie Lukens Swietochowski, and Wheeler M. Thackston. The Emperors' Album: Images of Mughal India. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. nos. 35, 36, pp. 153-157, ill., verso pl. 35 (b/w); recto pl. 36 (b/w).

Okada, Amina. Imperial Mughal Painters: Indian Miniatures from the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Paris: Flammarion, 1992. p. 151, ill. fig. 175 (color), verso.

Blair, Sheila S. Islamic Calligraphy. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Library, 2006. pp. 431-432, ill. fig. 10.6 (color.



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