"Portrait of Rup Singh", Folio from the Shah Jahan Album
Painting by Govardhan (active ca. 1596–1645)
Sultan 'Ali al-Mashhadi (active late 15th–early 16th century)
verso: ca. 1615–20; recto: ca. 1500
Attributed to India
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Page: H. 15 5/16 in. (38.9 cm)
W. 10 1/8 in. (25.7 cm)
Painting with border: H. 8 13/16 in. (22.4 cm)
W. 6 5/16 in. (16 cm)
Painting without border: H. 5 7/8 in. (14.9 cm)
W. 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm)
Mat: H. 19 1/4 in. (48.9 cm)
W. 14 1/4 in. (36.2 cm)
Purchase, Rogers Fund and The Kevorkian Foundation Gift, 1955
Not on view
The subject of this painting, Rup Singh, son of Ram Chand (not Rai Chanda, as per Jahangir's inscription), was one of the officials at the court of Shah Jahan. The portrait is surrounded by verse fragments from a Persian masnavi, which belongs to Amir Khusrau's Khamsa (Quintet).
Signature: 22.214.171.124 recto: In Persian, in last two lines of calligraphy: Jotted down by the slave, Sultan 'Ali Mashhadi, may his sins be forgiven, in the royal capital of Herat.
Inscription: 126.96.36.199 verso: In Persian, on the brown background along the left edge of the central panel (in Jahangir's hand): A portrait of Rup Singh, son of Rai Chanda, done by Govardhan.
Marking: 188.8.131.52 verso: Margin number '3' is inscribed in the gilt margin.
Jack S. Rofe, Scotland (in 1929; sale, Sotheby's London,December 12, 1929, to Kevorkian); [ Hagop Kevorkian, New York, from 1929]; [ Kevorkian Foundation, New York, until 1955; gift and sale to MMA]
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Emperor's Album: Images of Mughal India," October 21, 1987–February 14, 1988, nos. 29 and 30.
Welch, Stuart Cary, Annemarie Schimmel, Marie Lukens Swietochowski, and Wheeler M. Thackston. The Emperors' Album: Images of Mughal India. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987. no. nos. 29, 30, pp. 139, 141-143, ill., verso pl. 29 (color); recto pl. 30 (color).
Okada, Amina. Imperial Mughal Painters: Indian Miniatures from the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Paris: Flammarion, 1992. p. 197, ill. fig. 233 (b/w), verso.
Beach, Milo C., Eberhard Fischer, and B.N. Goswamy. Masters of Indian Painting. Vol. Vols. I, II. Zurich, Switzerland: Artibus Asiae Publishers, 2011. vol. I, p. 359.