"Amr has the Infidels Thrown into the Sea", Folio from a Khavarannama (The Book of the East) of ibn Husam al-Din
Maulana Muhammad Ibn Husam ad Din
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
15 11/16 x 11 1/4in. (39.8 x 28.6cm)
Rogers Fund, 1955
Not on view
This painting, with its vibrant color palette and lively action, is taken from a manuscript of the Khavarannama (Book of the East), a gathering of tales relating the adventures of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad. These mostly imaginary accounts of the exploits of 'Ali and his companions against demons, dragons, and kings were composed in emulation of the great Persian poet Firdausi’s Shahnama, but have the important religious figure of 'Ali as their main protagonist.
Inscription: Page of Khavaran Nama in Nasta’liq script. The Persian poem on this page regarding :
The person named omar with digger ordered one man to throw all other person when they are slept in sea, at first he refuse but after he scare to be killed and throw all of tem in the water then he fixed the feet of a women called Golnar ….
Marking: Page 444-445 of the manuscript
[ Hassan Khan Monif, New York, until 1955; sold to MMA]
Sachau; Hermann, Ed; Ethe, ed. Catalogue of Persian, Turkish, Hindustani, and Pushtu Manuscripts. Oxford: Bodleian Libraries, 1889. p. 455.
Grube, Ernst J. "from Collections in the United States and Canada." In Muslim Miniature Paintings from the XIII to XIX Century. Venice: N. Pozza, 1962. no. 47, p. 66, ill. fig. 47 (b/w).
Hillenbrand, Robert. Imperial Images in Persian Painting. Edinburgh: Scottish Arts Council Gallery, 1977. no. 187, p. 82.
Ekhtiar, Maryam, Sheila R. Canby, Navina Haidar, and Priscilla P. Soucek, ed. Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1st ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. no. p. 125B, pp. 185-186, ill. p. 186 (color).