Similar underglaze painted objects are usually attributed to Raqqa, a town on the Euphrates in northeast Syria, from which a large number appeared on the market from the end of the 19th century. While some of the workshops were located there, as the unearthing of a large number of wasters confirms, others were located elsewhere along the Euphrates valley, in southern Anatolia, central Syria, Damascus and as far as Egypt. This jar is said to come from the so-called "Great Find" in Raqqa in the early 20th century, when a colony of Circassians that was being relocated by the Ottomans was given permission to excavate an archaeological area in search of building material. They found a number of large jars containing intact vessels which were eventually sold on the market (see also 56.185.22 and 56.185.18).
Thomas B. Clarke, New York (until 1925); Clarke sale, American Art Galleries, New York, January 7–10, 1925, lot 643; Horace Havemeyer, New York (by 1942–d. 1956; bequeathed to MMA)
Bloomington. Indiana University. "Islamic Art Across the World," June 18, 1970–October 1, 1970, no. 179.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection," March 27, 1993–June 20, 1993, no. 88.
Dimand, Maurice S. "The Horace Havemeyer Bequest of Islamic Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol.15 (May 1957). p. 208, 211, ill. p. 211 (b/w).
Grube, Ernst J. "Raqqa-Keramik im Metropolitan Museum in New York." Kunst des Orients vol. 4 (1963). p. 54, ill.
Bowie, Theodore Robert. "An Exhibition Prepared by Theodore Bowie." In Islamic Art Across the World. Vol. no. 1970/3. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Art Museum, 1970. no. 179.
Frelinghuysen, Alice Cooney. Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. p. 98, ill. pl. 88 (color).
Jenkins-Madina, Marilyn. "Ceramics of Ayyubid Syria." In Raqqa Revisited. New York; New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006. pp. 20, 150,170, ill. MMA35 (color), p. 173.