"Manuchihr Welcomes Sam but Orders War upon Mihrab", Folio 80v from the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp
Abu'l Qasim Firdausi (935–1020)
Painting attributed to 'Abd al-'Aziz (active first half 16th century)
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
Made in Iran, Tabriz
Opaque watercolor, ink, silver, and gold on paper
Painting: H. 11 1/16 x W. 7 1/4 in. (H. 28.1 x W. 18.4 cm)
Entire Page: H. 18 9/16 x W. 12 1/2 in. (H. 47.1 x W. 31.8 cm)
Gift of Arthur A. Houghton Jr., 1970
Not on view
Sam arrived at the imperial court and was received by Shah Manuchihr, who listened with admiration as he reported on the victories and adventures of the campaign. However, when Sam broached the subject of his son Zal marrying his beloved Rudaba, the Shah would have none of it. Instead, he commanded Sam to leave at once for a war of annihilation against King Mihrab, Rudaba’s father. The artist, an assistant to Sultan Muhammad, has charmingly depicted a standard court scene populated by squat Turkman-type figures.
Shah Tahmasp, Iran (until 1568; gifted to Selim II); Sultan Selim II, Istanbul (from 1568); Sultan Selim III, Istanbul (by 1800); Baron Edmond de Rothschild, Paris (by 1903–d. 1934); his son, Baron Maurice de Rothschild, Paris and Pregny, near Geneva (by 1955–d. 1957); [ Stiebel Ltd., New York, until 1959; sold to Houghton]; Arthur A. Houghton Jr., New York (1959–70; gifted to MMA)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Bazm and Razm: Fight and Fight in Persian Art,", no catalogue.
Mohl, Jules, ed. Le Livre des Rois. Vol. I. Paris, 1876. pp. 234-238.
Welch, Stuart Cary. A King's Book of Kings: the Shah-nameh of Shah Tahmasp. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. p. 191.
Dickson, Martin, and Stuart Cary Welch. The Houghton Shahnameh. Vol. vols. I & II. Cambridge, Mass. and London, England: Harvard University Press, 1981. vol. II, ill. pl. 66 (b/w).
Canby, Sheila R. "The Persian Book of Kings." In The Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp. Madrid, 2011. p. 86, ill. (color), folio 80v.
Canby, Sheila R. The Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp: The Persian Book of Kings. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014. p. 128, ill. fol. 80v (color).