"Rustam Brings the Div King to Kai Kavus for Execution", Folio 127v from the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp
Abu'l Qasim Firdausi (935–1020)
Painting attributed to Mir Musavvir (active 1525–60)
Painting attributed to Qasim ibn 'Ali (active ca. 1525–60)
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
Made in Iran, Tabriz
Opaque watercolor, ink, silver, and gold on paper
Painting: H. 11 3/16 x W. 7 1/8 in. (H. 28.4 x W. 18.1 cm)
Entire Page: H. 18 5/8 x W. 12 9/16 in. (H. 47.3 x W. 31.9 cm)
Gift of Arthur A. Houghton Jr., 1970
Not on view
Even with the death of the White Div and the Div General Arzhang, the demons of the Div King of Mazandaran continue to harry the Iranians. At last, Kai Kavus leads his army into battle gainst the divs. Rustam captures the Div King, who transforms himself into a stone. When Rustam lugs him to Kai Kavus and threatens to slice him up, he returns to div form and is executed on Kai Kavus's order. [A later hand blackened the face and hands of Kai Kavus.]
Shah Tahmasp, Iran (until 1568; gifted to Selim II); Sultan Selim II, Istanbul (from 1568); Sultan Selim III, Istanbul (by 1800); Baron Edmond de Rothschild, Paris (by 1903–d. 1934); his son, Baron Maurice de Rothschild, Paris and Pregny, near Geneva (by 1955–d. 1957); [ Stiebel Ltd., New York, until 1959; sold to Houghton]; Arthur A. Houghton Jr., New York (1959–70; gifted to MMA)
Mohl, Jules, ed. Le Livre des Rois. Vol. I. Paris, 1876. pp. 439-448.
Welch, Stuart Cary. A King's Book of Kings: the Shah-nameh of Shah Tahmasp. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1972. p. 192.
Dickson, Martin, and Stuart Cary Welch. The Houghton Shahnameh. Vol. vols. I & II. Cambridge, Mass. and London, England: Harvard University Press, 1981. vol. II, ill. pl. 93 (b/w).
Canby, Sheila R. "The Persian Book of Kings." In The Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp. Madrid, 2011. p. 113, ill. (color), folio 127v.
Rüstem, Ünver. "The Afterlife of a Royal Gift: The Ottoman Inserts of the Shahnama-i Shahi." Muqarnas vol. 29 (2012). pp. 286, 287, 300, ill. figs. 10, 11, (color).
Canby, Sheila R. The Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp: The Persian Book of Kings. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014. p. 155, ill. fol. 127v.