Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Pashmina Carpet with Gateway-and-Millefleur Pattern

Object Name:
Carpet
Date:
second half 18th century
Geography:
Made in Northern India, Kashmir
Medium:
Cotton (warp and weft), pashmina wool (pile); asymmetrically knotted pile
Dimensions:
Rug: H. 74 3/16 in. (188.5 cm) W. 47 11/16 in. (121.2 cm) Mount: H. 79 1/8 in. (201 cm) W. 51 1/4 in. (130.2 cm) D. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Rugs
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph V. McMullan, 1970
Accession Number:
1970.302.7
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 463
The area of northern India and eastern Pakistan was an important region for carpet weaving during the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Millefleur carpets and some later flower-style pieces were manufactured there. They were usually made with fine knots and expensive pashmina wool. The type shown here was designed as a pair of cypress trees on either side under an arch, symbolizing the gateway to a flower-filled paradise. This example is distinguished by its geometric treatment of the millefleur pattern and a central vase from which the motifs grow.
M. Bela de Rakovsky ; Vitall and Leopold Benguiat, New York and Paris (until 1926; sale, American Art Association, New York, 1926, no. 73, to French and Co.); [ French and Co., New York, from 1926]; Joseph V. McMullan, New York (by 1965–70; gifted to MMA)
Mexico City. Colegio de San Ildefonso. "Arte islamico del Museo Metropolitano de Arte de Nueva York," September 30, 1994–January 8, 1995, no. 122.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era," November 20, 1997–March 1, 1998, no. 36.

New York. Asia Society. "The Arts of Kashmir," October 1, 2007–January 6, 2008, fig. 222.

McMullan, Joseph V., and Ernst J. Grube. Islamic Carpets. New York: Near Eastern Art Research Center, 1965. no. 30, pp. 134-135, ill. pl. 30 (color).

Dimand, Maurice S., and Jean Mailey. Oriental Rugs in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1973. pp. 88, 91, ill. fig. 124 (b/w).

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Daniel S. Walker, Arturo Ponce Guadián, Sussan Babaie, Stefano Carboni, Aimee Froom, Marie Lukens Swietochowski, Tomoko Masuya, Annie Christine Daskalakis-Matthews, Abdallah Kahil, and Rochelle Kessler. "Colegio de San Ildefonso, Septiembre de 1994-Enero de 1995." In Arte Islámico del Museo Metropolitano de Arte de Nueva York. Mexico City: Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes, 1994. no. 122, pp. 288-289, ill. p. 289 (color).

Walker, Daniel S. Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. no. 36, pp. 132-133, 172, ill. fig. 129 (color).

Pal, Pratapaditya. The Arts of Kashmir. New York: Asia Society, 2007. pp. 200-201, ill. fig. 222 (color).

Denny, Walter B. How to Read Islamic Carpets. New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014. p. 112, ill. fig. 95 (color).



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