The area of northern India and eastern Pakistan was an important region for carpet weaving during the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Millefleur carpets and some later flower-style pieces were manufactured there. They were usually made with fine knots and expensive pashmina wool. The type shown here was designed as a pair of cypress trees on either side under an arch, symbolizing the gateway to a flower-filled paradise. This example is distinguished by its geometric treatment of the millefleur pattern and a central vase from which the motifs grow.
M. Bela de Rakovsky ; Vitall and Leopold Benguiat, New York and Paris (until 1926; sale, American Art Association, New York, 1926, no. 73, to French and Co.); [ French and Co., New York, from 1926]; Joseph V. McMullan, New York (by 1965–70; gifted to MMA)
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McMullan, Joseph V., and Ernst J. Grube. Islamic Carpets. New York: Near Eastern Art Research Center, 1965. no. 30, pp. 134-135, ill. pl. 30 (color).
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Walker, Daniel S. Flowers Underfoot: Indian Carpets of the Mughal Era. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1997. no. 36, pp. 132-133, 172, ill. fig. 129 (color).
Pal, Pratapaditya. The Arts of Kashmir. New York: Asia Society, 2007. pp. 200-201, ill. fig. 222 (color).
Denny, Walter B. How to Read Islamic Carpets. New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014. p. 112, ill. fig. 95 (color).