Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Tiraz Veil

Object Name:
Tiraz fragment
Date:
A.H. 373/A.D. 983–84
Geography:
Attributed to Egypt, Tinnis
Medium:
Silk; plain weave, tapestry weave
Dimensions:
Textile: L. 23 3/8 in. (59.4 cm) W. 55 3/4 in. (141.6 cm) Mount: L. 31 1/2 in. (80 cm) W. 64 3/8 in. (163.5 cm) D. 2 in. (5.1 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Woven
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1971
Accession Number:
1971.151
Not on view
Two opposed, embroidered bands of Arabic inscription in kufic script are the centerpiece of this silk veil. The inscription retains the style of those on tiraz woven in Abbasid workshops, taken over by the Fatimids when they established themselves in Egypt in A.D. 969. It begins with an excerpt from the Shahada (Muslim testimony of faith), and includes the name of the Fatimid caliph for whom the tiraz was made, al‑‛Aziz (ruled A.D. 975–96), and that it was woven in the state workshop in Tinnis on the Nile Delta in the year A.H. 373/A.D. 983–84. Foliated letters ending in half‑palmettes and a narrow band featuring pairs of confronted birds and floral designs enliven the composition.
Inscription: The Arabic inscription in Kufic script reads: "In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate. There is no God except God. (Assistance) to the servant of God and His representative Nizar Abu'l-Mansur, the Imam al-'Aziz bi'llah, commander of the Faithful"

Marking: See link panel.
Mrs. Paul Mallon, New York (by 1952–71; sold to MMA)
Swietochowski, Marie, and Marilyn Jenkins-Madina. Notable Acquisitions 1965–1975 (1975). p. 136, ill. (b/w).

Ettinghausen, Richard, Oleg Grabar, and Marilyn Jenkins-Madina. Islamic Art and Architecture 650–1250. 2nd ed. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001. p. 209, ill. fig. 336 (color).



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