Square bottles of this type derive from Dutch and German molded vessels, which would have been imported after the Dutch East India Company established a trade factory in Gujarat in 1618. In the mid-18th century, a succesful glass factory was opened in Bhuj by Ram Singh Malam, a Gujarati craftsman who returned to India after spending time in the Netherlands. His patron, Maharao Lakha (r. 1741–60) was the ruler of the kingdom of Kutch, and this support resulted in the production of many fine glasswares in the region. This bottle is ornamented with mihrab-shaped arches over large flower motifs.
[ Saeed Motamed, Frankfurt, until 1975; sold to MMA]
Jenkins-Madina, Marilyn. "Islamic Glass: A Brief History." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 44, no. 2 (Fall 1986). p. 48, ill. fig. 52 (color).