Gift of Adrienne Minassian, in memory of Dr. Richard Ettinghausen, 1979
Not on view
This eighth- or ninth-century Qur'an was written in a script that is characterized by a rightward slant and by the shape of the vowel ya' in the terminal position, which turns backward to underline the letters that precede it. Like other early Qur'an manuscripts, the writing here omits consonant points (i'jam), making it difficult for the reader to distinguish between letters with similar forms. Red dots indicate short vowels, and a series of short diagonal black strokes act as verse markers.
Adrienne Minassian, New York (until 1979; gifted to MMA)
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Celestial Pen: Islamic Calligraphy," September 28, 1982–February 7, 1983, no catalogue.
Schimmel, Annemarie. "Islamic Calligraphy." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s., vol. 50, no. 1 (Summer 1992). (v) pp. 4-5, ill. fig. 3 (b/w).