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Ushak Medallion Carpet on White Ground

Object Name:
Carpet
Date:
first half 17th century
Geography:
Turkey
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Wool (warp, weft and pile); symmetrically knotted pile
Dimensions:
Rug: L. 306 in. (777.2 cm) W. 153 1/4 in. (389.3 cm) Tube: L. 179 in. (454.7 cm) Diam. 11 in. (27.9 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Rugs
Credit Line:
Gift of Caroline and Joseph S. Gruss, 1984
Accession Number:
1984.69
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 460
Medallion Ushak carpets usually have a red or blue field decorated with a floral trellis or leaf tendrils, central medallions, and a border containing palmettes on a floral and leaf scroll, and pseudo-kufic characters. In this example (partially restored), a typical white-ground field pattern is combined with the Medallion Ushak to form a new category of Ottoman carpets. Its triple spots-and-wavy double stripe pattern, called çintamani, appears frequently in Ottoman art from the sixteenth century on tiles, paintings, book bindings, and particularly on textiles and garments. Unlike other white-ground categories, this field pattern never appears in European paintings of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Sotheby's, London, May 4, 1951, no. 60, to Perez); [ Elia Perez, London, 1951–53; sold to Gruss]; Caroline and Joseph S. Gruss, New York (1953–84; gifted to MMA)
"Friday, May 4th, 1951." In Catalogue of Fine Antique Persian and Turkish Carpets. Sotheby's, London, 1951. no. 60.

Perez, Elia, and F. Lewis. Oriental Rugs and Textiles: the Perez Collection. London, 1953. p. 6, ill. pl. 28 (detail).

Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 41 (1983–1984). pp. 4-6, ill. (b/w), detail in color.

Russell, John. "Small Met Show Highlights Acquisitions." The New York Times (May 25, 1984). p. C21.

Russell, John. "Critic's Notebook." The New York Times (April 12, 1984). p. C26, ill.

Denny, Walter B. How to Read Islamic Carpets. New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2014. pp. 74-75, ill. fig. 58-59.



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