"The Battle of Shahbarghan", Folio from a Padshahnama (Chronicle of the Emperor)
Folio from an illustrated manuscript
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
13.62 in. high 9.12 in. wide (34.6 cm high 23.2 cm wide)
Purchase, Bernard and Audrey Aronson Charitable Trust Gift, in memory of her beloved husband, Bernard Aronson, 1986
Not on view
An illustration to a history of Shah Jahan’s reign, this painting shows the emperor’s army during a successful punitive expedition into Transoxiana. The Astrakhanid ruler Nasr Muhammad had escaped the Mughal army, carrying with him most of his treasure. The Mughal commanders Asalat Khan and Rustam Khan intercepted him at Shahbarghan and defeated him in July 1646. Shah Jahan ordered eight days of festivities to celebrate the victory.
Inscription: Definition: Persian Style: Nasta'liq Translation by Ellen Smart, 1986: In top center: The battle of Rustam Khan and Asalat Khan. On horse in middle right: Asalat Khan. On white jama in lower right: Rustam Khan. Lower right corner: The work of Hunhar. In lower margin in Persian and Hindi: The royal nobleman and the army of the Uzbeg king. On reverse, in Hindi: The work of Hunhar: price 300 rupees. Another Hindi inscription as yet undeciphered.
Marking: See additional card.
[ Terence McInerney, New York, until 1986; sold to MMA]
Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin vol. 44 (1986–1987). p. 10, ill. (color).