Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

大威徳明王
Daiitoku Myōō

Period:
Heian period (794–1185)
Date:
12th century
Culture:
Japan
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 28 1/4 x 21 1/8 in. (71.8 x 53.7 cm) Overall with mounting: 65 1/2 x 26 1/2 in. (166.4 x 67.3 cm) Overall with knobs: 65 1/2 x 28 1/2 in. (166.4 x 72.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Harry G. C. Packard Collection of Asian Art, Gift of Harry G. C. Packard, and Purchase, Fletcher, Rogers, Harris Brisbane Dick, and Louis V. Bell Funds, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, and The Annenberg Fund Inc. Gift, 1975
Accession Number:
1975.268.13
Not on view
Daiitoku Myōō (Sanskrit: Yamantaka) is one of the five Great Light Kings of Esoteric Buddhism. His Sanskrit name means "one who stops the power of the King of Hell." He is shown with multiple heads, eyes, legs, and arms. Four hands hold a trident, a wheel, a sword, and a jeweled club while two hands join, with only the middle finger extended, in the mudra of restraint (konpon-in). Introduced from China by Kūkai (774–836), the five Great Light Kings became important ritual icons called upon to protect the nation during the Sutra of the Benevolent Kings Assembly, which was performed on special occasions. This drawing is almost identical in form to an image of Daiitoku Myōō that appears in an iconographic scroll of deities from the Sutra of the Benevolent Kings (Ninnōkyō) imported by Kūkai and housed at the important esoteric temple Daigoji in Kyoto. The brief description next to the image probably serves as a record of the attributes of the deity.
Related Objects

Ten Verses on Oxherding

Date: 1278 Medium: Handscroll; ink and color on paper Accession: 2015.300.10 On view in:Gallery 224

Cicada on a Grapevine

Artist: Bokurin Guan (Japanese, active late 14th century) Date: late 14th century Medium: Hanging scroll; ink on paper Accession: 2015.300.58 On view in:Not on view

Hotei

Artist: Ogata Kōrin (Japanese, 1658–1716) Date: after 1704 Medium: Hanging scroll; ink on paper Accession: 2015.300.89 On view in:Gallery 228

Three Poems from the “Later Collection of Japanese Poems” (Gosen wakashū), or “Shirakawa Fragment” (Shirakawa-gire)

Artist: Traditionally attributed to Monk Saigyō (Japanese, 1118–1190) Date: late 12th century Medium: Page from book, mounted as hanging scroll; ink on paper Accession: 2015.300.233 On view in:Not on view

Two Poems from the Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern, Continued (Zoku kokin wakashū)

Artist: Nun Abutsu (Japanese, died 1283) Date: 13th century Medium: Page from a book; ink on paper Accession: 2015.300.236 On view in:Gallery 223