Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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元/明 宋克 草書負郭堂成七律詩 卷
Poem on Retirement

Artist:
Song Ke (Chinese, 1327–1387)
Period:
late Yuan (1271–1368)–early Ming (1368–1644) dynasty
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on gold-flecked paper
Dimensions:
Image: 10 1/2 x 27 1/4 in. (26.7 x 69.2 cm)
Classification:
Calligraphy
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
1989.363.40
Not on view
A lover of martial arts as well as an accomplished poet, Song Ke briefly pursued a military career before returning to his native Suzhou, where he lived in retirement from about 1356 until the first Ming emperor (r. 1368–98) summoned him to serve as calligrapher-in-waiting at court. The foremost calligrapher of the early Ming, Song Ke based both his cursive and his regular scripts on those of Zhao Mengfu (1254–1322). This scroll probably dates to near the end of the Yuan dynasty (1279–1368). It is executed in sharp, incisive thrusts and powerful curves that evoke Song's martial spirit, and its mixture of cursive and draft-cursive styles recalls the writing of two of Zhao Mengfu's early followers: Kangli Naonao (1295–1345) and Rao Jie (ca. 1300–1367).
Inscription: Artist’s inscription and signature (13 columns in cursive script)

負郭堂成水竹列,平生筆硯是鋤犁。
性田願喜無溝洫,心地何曾有町畦。
秋日稻粱喧鳥雀,春風門巷絕軫蹄。
近來種得青雲滿,飽看兒孫獨杖藜。
宋仲溫書。

Collectors’ seals

Miao Yuezao 繆曰藻 (1682–1761)
曰藻

Pan Yanling 潘延齡 (19th c.)
潘健庵鋻藏金石書畫印

Kong Guangtao 孔廣陶 (19th c.)
廣陶

Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 (John M. Crawford, Jr., 1913–1988)
顧洛阜
漢光閣

Tao Jianqiu 陶劍秋 (19th c.)
劍秋眼福
玩物養志
龍泉硯齋
坐刻心安即是仙
番禺陶氏珍藏

Zhou You 周遊 (19th c.)
新化周遊收藏
游于藝

Unidentified
寳鐄銘心絕品
群玉居士
舒衡齋
五柳家藏
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Text and Image: The Interaction of Painting, Poetry, and Calligraphy," January 23, 1999–August 16, 1999.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Art of the Brush: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy," March 12, 2005–August 14, 2005.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Brush and Ink: The Chinese Art of Writing," September 2, 2006–January 21, 2007.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of the Ming Dynasty: China's Age of Brilliance," January 23, 2009–September 13, 2009.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Yuan Revolution: Art and Dynastic Change," August 21, 2010–January 9, 2011.

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