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明 王紱 江山漁樂圖 卷
Joys of the Fisherman

Artist:
Wang Fu (Chinese, 1362–1416)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
ca. 1410
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 10 5/8 x 22 ft. 7 1/8 in. (27 x 688.7 cm) Overall with mounting: 10 15/16 in. x 38 ft. 3 11/16 in. (27.8 x 1167.6 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Ex coll.: C. C. Wang Family, Edward Elliott Family Collection, Purchase, The Dillon Fund Gift, 1982
Accession Number:
1982.2.3
Not on view
A twelfth-century couplet inscribed on the wall of a tavern characterized the lives of the fisherman and the scholar-official:

Right and wrong reach not where men fish;
Glory and disgrace dog the official riding his horse.

To painters living in the tumultuous days of the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties, the theme of the fisherman symbolized a perfect escape from their strife-torn world. Wang Fu, a fellow townsman of Ni Zan (1306–1374), returned to Wuxi in 1401, after twenty years of exile at the desolate northern outpost of Datong, Shanxi Province; like Ni Zan, he had been a wanderer in his native land. In this long scroll Wang echoes Wu Zhen's (1280–1354) treatment of the fisherman theme. Poised between descriptive realism and calligraphic abstraction, Wang's painting exemplifies how Ming- and Qing-dynasty scholar-artists expressed themselves through the brush idioms of the Song and Yuan masters.
Inscription: No artist’s inscription or signature

Artist’s seals

Mengduan 孟端
Youxi hanmo 游戲翰墨

Label strip

Wu Hufan 吳湖帆 (1894–1968), 1 column in standard script, undated; 1 seal (on the outside of the scroll):

明王孟端 《江山漁樂圖》 卷真跡神品。季遷仁弟祕笈之寳,倩庵題簽。 [印]: 吳湖帆印

Colophons

1. Wu Hufan 吳湖帆 (1894–1968), 2 columns in standard script, undated; 1 seal:

卷首二印上為“孟端”二字白文,下為“游戯翰墨”四字朱文,下角“元玉之印”,為成化間金琮藏印。吳湖帆讀識。 [印]: 吳湖帆印

2. Lin Qin 林勤 (active mid-15th c.), 13 columns in standard script, dated Dec. 18th, 1446; 2 seals:

是圖前中書舍人錫山王孟端先生作也。先生以繪事名震一時,永樂中嘗召入中秘, 數被寵眷。其于山水、竹石各臻神妙。士大夫或得其片紙,莫不寳之如金玉。此作[about eight characters erased],其於江山之聯絡,煙雲之漂渺,囗薄囗囗之逥環,漁樵、牧竪、遊人、行旅之往來出没,備極情狀。摹寫精緻,自非巧奪天機造詣入神者,其能然也!予友陸君公璐曩於吳市中用重價購得之,既而厄於回祿殘毁,其右方已去什之一,幸而得存,復命工修完之。其治宰物者,使神物護持,以傳示諸遠也耶!公璐好古特甚,其於此卷尤所寳愛,余故為疏 其顛末,以示後人云。正统丙寅嘉平月望後三日莆田林勤書。 [印]: 克廣印章、九牧子孫

3. Cen Wan 岑琬 (active mid-15th century), 9 columns in small standard script, undated; 3 seals:

四海混車書,梯航走重譯。江源導西岷,高樓峙西北。
人生各有營,來往紛如織。巴梁激驚湍,沮漳瀉澄碧。
迢遞下荆門,漢水連楚澤。潯陽九沠分,天壍環上國。
朝宗接滄溟,蓬萊手堪摘。汗漫多慨慷,吊古悲陳跡。
風景雖不殊,英雄幾沉溺。四民樂畊桑,漁樵應供給。
王郎天機精,黯慘翻水墨。神妙參化工,遠勢猶莫敵。
坐令萬里途,談笑歸袵席。滔滔去無留,浩浩來不息。
我頌祝
皇圖鞏固如磐石,擊壤歌太平,永永無終極。
會稽岑琬 [印]: 公琬之章、高山仰止、謙受益

4. Wang Wu 王武 (1632–1690), 6 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1667:

此王中舍仿梅花庵主,其峰巒人物間用本色,灑落渾厚,尤稱兼美。後幅雖為祝融氏所攫,而全體精神未嘗少損也。 丁未春仲過梁溪,坐霞標閣披閲竟夕,心目爽朗,臨行猶依依不忍釋手,偶[點去]乃書數語歸之。吴趨王武

5. Fang Junyi 方濬頤 (1815–1889), 1 column in semi-cursive script, dated 1870; 1 seal:

同治庚午伏日定遠方濬頤觀。 [印]: 夢園鋻賞

6. Duan Fang 端方 (1861–1911), 3 columns in free standard script, dated 1908; 1 seal:

光緒戊申四月浭陽陶父端方叚觀。 [印]: 端方之印

7. Wu Hufan 吳湖帆 (1894–1968), 4 columns in standard script, dated 1940; 1 seal:

余獲吳仲圭 《漁父圖》 之翌嵗, 季遷弟得此卷。擧以相眎,孟端筆勢與仲圭相似,大氣磅礴,神韻澹沱,亦與 《漁父圖》 相合。惜畫本前段略受微傷, 幸無害名跡也。卷首存“孟端”及“游戲翰墨”二印,猶可辨識。遷弟其寳之。庚辰秋,湖帆 [印]: 吳湖帆

8. Chen Dingshan 陳定山 (1897–1987), 1 column in free standard script, dated 1941; 1 seal:

明初諸家皆接仲圭,九龍山人實其弁冕雲東[姚綬],初近士氣,雅韻欲流,多文少質。石田特具清剛,力挽頽俗,然學之者如匈奴引弓手,至其極則枵然矣。二百年後有漁山,復以中峰開繼一代,仲圭法缽可記數者數人而已。然石田勁筆中有馬、夏,姚、吳後先皆參山樵、梅花法,乳捨九龍,吾誰與歸乎。是卷如神龍,雖首尾不並見鱗甲光芒,又豈葉公之流所得好且近哉。辛巳春婪定山居士蜨野 [印]: 定山

9. Wu Hufan 吳湖帆 (1894–1968), 1 column in free standard script, dated 1941; 1 seal:

辛巳正月吳湖帆重觀題記。 [印]: 吳湖帆印

10. Wang Jilie 王季烈 (1873–1952), 6 columns in semi-cursive/standard script, dated 1944:

雲山縹渺極煙蕪,自是江南漁樂圖。
卷尾題言存手澤,幾番桑海未模糊。
此王孟端先生 《江山漁樂圖》,卷尾有我家忘庵公題字。季遷弟出以相示,匆匆成一絕敬題其後,以志眼福。甲申正月二十一日螾廬王季烈時年七十又二,同觀者靈石何澄、族人守法並記。

11. Zhao Shigang 趙時棡 (1874–1945), 1 column in semi-cursive script, dated 1944:

甲申春月鄞趙時棡觀。

12. Fan Haolin 樊浩霖 (1885–1962), 1 column in semi-cursive script, undated:

古瀛樊浩霖觀于雙林書屋。

13. Ma Gongyu 馬公愚 (1883–1969), 1 column in clerical script, undated:

永嘉馬公愚拜觀。

14. Zhang Heng 張珩 (1915–1963), 3 columns in standard script, dated 1941; 1 seal:

德國孔達[1] 、海寧張正學、吳興張珩,辛巳(1941)嵗三月十二日,同觀於木雁齋。 [印]: 蔥玉

15. Qian Ya 錢厓 (1897–1967), 1 column in standard script, dated 1944; 2 seals:

甲申新春叔厓敬觀。 [印]: 叔、厓

Collectors’ seals

Shen Du 沈度 (1357–1434)
雲閒沈度
瑤臺雪鶴

Jin Zong 金琮 (1449–1501)
元玉之印

Fang Junyi 方濬頤 (1815–1889)
曾在方夢園家

Wu Hufan 吳湖帆 (1894–1968)
湖帆鋻賞

Wang Jiqian 王季遷 (C. C. Wang, 1907–2003)
王氏季遷珍藏之印
震澤王氏季遷收藏印
懷雲樓鋻賞書畫之記
季遷
季遷珍藏
雙林書屋

Unidentified
張氏鼎元
汲黯朱雲伯仲閒
泰和蕭氏珍藏

[1] Viktoria von Winterfeldt-Contag (1906–1973).
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