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明 姚綬 文飲圖 卷
Drinking and Composing Poetry

Artist:
Yao Shou (Chinese, 1423–1495)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
1485
Culture:
China
Medium:
Handscroll; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 9 3/16 x 30 3/8 in. (23.3 x 77.2 cm) Colophon: 9 3/16 x 30 in. (23.3 x 76.2 cm) Overall with mounting: 9 11/16 x 299 3/16 in. (24.6 x 759.9 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Bequest of John M. Crawford Jr., 1988
Accession Number:
1989.363.44
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 214
Yao Shou left government service in 1468 and retired to Jiaxing, hometown of the Yuan artist Wu Zhen (1280–1354), to devote himself to self-cultivation and the arts. Taking Wu Zhen's paintings as his model, Yao Shou had an important influence on Suzhou (Wu school) artists through his friendship with the Suzhou amateur Shen Zhou (1427–1509).

Yao's round brush lines, vigorous dotting, and subtle ink washes in Drinking to the Accompaniment of Letters derive from Wu Zhen; the same vocabulary of brushstrokes forms the basis of Shen Zhou's painting style. In subject matter, too, Yao's focus on his garden retreat—represented by the Yuan convention of a thatched hut—presages Wu school artists' fondness for depicting the gardens and specific topographic sites where they gathered to create or appreciate poetry and paintings.
Inscription: Artist’s inscriptions and signatures

1. Frontispiece of 2 characters in clerical script, followed by 1 column in semi-cursive script, undated:

文飲
雲東逸史隷古

2. Essay and poem after the painting in 41 columns in standard and semi-cursive scripts, dated 1485:

文字飲詩序
飲以文字,言非湎酒也,湎則側矣。起舞號呶叫呼,有酗德之肆,無令儀之將,謂之文字不可也。或者曰:人畏酒過,可以無飲乎?余曰:燕賓客先王所不廢者,可無飲哉。 故於酒也,有誥有抑,詩有監之,立史之佐,有百拜成禮,皆俾人將之以德焉。余自成化戊子[1468]罷秩,來田間林下將二十年,于今客每過從, 輒具酒脯蔬果,于所謂仙村亭座,有能賦者飲,間則抽毫進櫝,撫時即物,隨其所適,相與賦詠,長篇短章,古調近體,在所不拘,意則多寓山林風景琴弈釣游之事。予竊 附名其間,因欲托之以貽不朽,政以紀聖世能容樗散叨享太平如此也。世藥主者錢君時望數來就飲,携卧軸需識,所作自今始,余因題之曰文字飲。夫文字之在兩間經傳子史紀載著述巨細久,近不可缺者,豈小補耶。於飲而必先之,以此俾人,人知余輩為主,若賓終日樂飲,蓋非韓愈所譏不解文字者。乙巳四月廿八日姚綬書。

山林有真樂,任真可得之。客氣苟未除,深愧囗囗詩。詩中抑戒什,飲以德將至。嗤快濡首者,沉洗命奚為。陶潛劉伯伶,託焉已逃之。吾輩生治朝,習肯日熙熙。詠歌願屢豐,斗酒常相持。酒中有至趣,醒者安得知。小鳥鳴不住,山花開莫遲。明日還看來,花已不在枝。所以古賢達,為樂當及時。逸史

酣餘此篇不覺重,一之字雖重,古人皆然。

Artist’s seals

姚氏公綬
雲東逸史
意齋
賜進士
滄江虹月
大雲
公綬

Label strip

Lu Hui 陸恢 (1851–1920), 2 columns in semi-cursive/standard script, dated 1889; 1 seal:

雲東逸史書畫卷
光緒己丑十月古吳翰卿氏心藏,陸恢題。 [印]: 廉夫

Colophons

1. Liang Dingfen 梁鼎芬 (1859–1919), 20 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1906; 2 seals:

三客不知誰,逃榮媚山腹。草木發雲氣,親炙若已熟。
初安迂叟壺,餘被屈子服。文酒都有意,玆社世永獨。
徘徊夕陽多,偃仰一邱足。同年今餘幾,昔栖東華東。
驚世雙井皤(謂鮮庵),絕代龜谿翁。三人各有短,亦有長相同。
而我不自檢,最先返蒿蓬。 後來頭陀寺,游衍於其中。
公合時有之,死生誰能窮。且證金谿學,此會不匆匆。

篤紅西蠡印,到眼此人無。 夢斷桃花塢,書畫乃棄渠。
陶齋游海外,今夜何處居。 若憶膽巴碑,淚寄蘇門廬。
問君曾三宿,念此當何如。 廬山不世情,喜我四五至。
夙攜陳(三立)易(順鼎)手,拭吳三桂字。湖風生水力,洲花阻春寐。
今來花已盡,好句不得試。千懷閟一窩,未釋敢獨醉。

入山恨不高,入海恨不深。何年遂偕隠,親啓青瑤琴。
冷落麟豹姿,清疏鸞鶴音。披圖從此癯,世事不復斟。
微聞數點雨,摘入千載心。

乙盫同年,鼎芳,丙午三月二十六日 [印]:靜學齋、鼎芳

2. Chen Sanli 陳三立 (1853–1937), 22 columns in standard script, dated 1906; 1 seal:

十牛鳴地懸奧區,續續岫嶺銜舳艫。潑墨蒼林蔭古色,醜枝盡靡雲氣麤。
世間真有仙村在,著此二三山澤癯。搜撹怪迁吐光景,野服污酒閒投壺。
有詑而逃適已適,定忘漢魏游黃虞。我返西山數椽屋,陂長壑暝聊可摹。
楓根命酌亦徑醉,但欠素侶相嬉娛。樵老牧兒躑躅下,挽繩弛擔同朽株。
絮語城中頃構難,變起倉卒駭汗趨。杯酒爭言易與耳,縣尹頸血凝盤盂。
人聲雨聲亂白晝,祆廟一炬天模糊。流傳里耳雜真濫,刺入肝膈增微吁。
卻念使君好腰腳,追陪尊俎奔泥塗。空弮安施噤不得,擧足左右成賢愚。
偪處險巇古未有,坐對官燭掀髭須。猥出畫本指勝地,萬態弄眼寧闗渠。
公手濁醪腹詩書,把臂荒傖鎮吾徒。老籐挂石蛇所都,沸蜩木末聼笙竽。
擺落牘尾揚輕裾,亭子誓索魑魅居。強公同憂緩須臾,馱醉更竣宗武扶。
溪風浴筆滿意緒,掃盡百道松聲無。

丙午四月擕此卷入西山靖廬,為乙公題句。三立 [印]:三立

3. Yu Zhaokang 余肇康 (1855–1931), 12 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1906; 3 seals:

白雲滿空山,中有三人在。三人各異趣,抱膝如有待。
有酒醉不辭,有文窮不悔。上思思萬古,下思思千載。
文奇酒亦奇,一以付醯醢。江城微雨過,群葩半破蕾。
沈侯不速來,豪氣生湖海。開圖快一讀,輒思百里宰。
頸項斫者誰,毋乃袄神紿。提刑媿莫言,自合士師臯。
重為山靈笑,去去若將浼。一語諗使君,山移判不改。

乙盫同年出姚雲東 《文飲圖》 索題,余方鎸秩歸田與雲東略同, 舟中率成,不足言詩, 時光緒三十二年四月。肇康 [印]:敏盫、余、肇康

Collectors’ seals

Xiang Yuanbian 項元汴 (1525–1590)
子京父印
淨因菴
天籟閣
淨因菴主
子京所藏
子孫世昌
墨林山人
宮保世家
虛朗齋
退密
欈李
項墨林鋻賞章

Fei Nianci 費念慈 (1855–1905)
西蠡經眼

Gu Luofu 顧洛阜 (John M. Crawford, Jr., 1913–1988)
顧洛阜
漢光閣

Unidentified
居親上雄
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