明 沈周 溪山秋色圖 卷 明 沈周 溪山秋色圖 卷
明 楷書溪山秋色圖 引首 Autumn Colors among Streams and Mountains
Shen Zhou (Chinese, 1427–1509)
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Handscroll; ink on paper
Image: 8 1/8 in. x 21 ft. 1/4 in. (20.6 x 640.7 cm)
Overall with mounting: 10 1/4 in. x 36 ft. 4 1/4 in. (26 x 1108.1 cm)
Gift of Douglas Dillon, 1979
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 214
In this long handscroll, Shen Zhou explored four Yuan painters' brush idioms-those of Ni Zan (1306–1374), Huang Gongwang (1269–1354), Wang Meng (ca. 1308–1385), and Wu Zhen (1280–1354). Beginning with the familiar Ni Zan image of sparse trees, barren rocks, and an empty pavilion, Shen Zhou developed Ni's angular "folded-belt" texture strokes into a longer texture pattern that signaled the style of Huang Gongwang and an expansive change of mood. Then, with his brush tip turned inward to form round, dense, curling, and stippled texture strokes, Shen created rock forms that contained the controlled energy of those by Wang Meng. Finally, using simple round brushstrokes to represent rolling shores and blunt and stocky trees, he evoked the serene and melancholy mood of Wu Zhen.
By practicing the different brush idioms of the Yuan masters, Shen was able to treat the theme of autumn mountains with a wide range of expressive moods and interpretations.
Signature: Mounted before the painting is the artist's 4-character title in large, semi-cursive regular script (xingkai), with signature and three seals; "Shen Zhou inscribed"; after the painting is a poem and explanatory note by Shen Zhou, and his seals appear on the paper joins throughout the painting as well as after the inscription: (13 columns in running script) "It is more than one hundred years since Ni Zan observed the world. What remains are only a few trees that look old and spare. What is left for this old fellow to continue Are the long ranges piled up with level wastes in between. This scroll follows the ideas of Ni Zan. Ni's brushwork is spare, mine is cluttered. Yet though he was sparing, his meaning was ample. That part is what is called the unlearnable."
Inscription: Artist's inscriptions and signatures
(Frontispiece with 4 large characters in semi-cursive script and 1 column in standard script):
Autumn Colors among Streams and Mountains Shen Zhou inscribed.
Sun Yuwen 孫毓汶 （1833–1899） 萊山真賞 汶 遲庵書畫 遲庵 歸于遲庵 半禪三宿
Wang Yirong 王懿榮 （1845–1900） 蓮生審定
Mu Si 穆思 （Earl Morse, 1908–1988） 穆思收藏名跡
Unidentified 賜嶽歧淵亭書屋鋻藏真跡 十午
Marking: Seals of the three colophon writers, plus six other collectors:
1. Shen Zhou: Zhushiting (Wang& Contag, p. 167 no. 7), before title: Shen Qinan, before title; Shitian (Wang& Contag, p. 168, no. 22), after signature to title: Shen, on joins; Sheshi Qinan, after inscription.
2. Yao Shou: Gongshou, before his inscription; Yüntong Yishi and Jiahe Yaoshi, after inscription.
3. Xiang Hongzi (1798–1835): Liansheng shending, after Yao Shou's inscription.
4. Tao Geng: Tao Geng zhiyin, after his colophon.
5. Yamamoto Teijirô (1870–1937): Zi Yüezhi Yüanting shuwu jiancang zhenji, Shijia and Guiyü Qian on title sheet; Qian and Leishan zhenshang on painting; Qian shuhua, after Yao Shou's inscription; Erfeng qingshang, on label and wrapper; Shanben shi Xiangxüe shuwu bingchenhou zhiyin, on wrapper; Guan zi zhenji shi jüe weizhe shen koxiao ye, on wrapper.
6. Mounter's seal: Wu Wenyü zhuang, at end of scroll.
7. Luo Zhenyü (1866–1940): Luo Zhenyü yin and Luo Shuyen; both after his colophon.
8. Sun Yüwen (act. ca. 1856): Wen (Wang& Contag, p. 560, no. 3) and Banchan sansu (Wang& Contag, p. 560, no. 7) after Yao Shou's inscription.