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明 陸治 種菊圖 軸
Planting Chrysanthemums

Artist:
Lu Zhi (Chinese, 1495–1576)
Period:
Ming dynasty (1368–1644)
Date:
mid-16th century
Culture:
China
Medium:
Hanging scroll; ink and pale color on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 42 x 10 3/4 in. (106.7 x 27.3 cm) Overall with mounting: 107 1/4 x 19 in. (272.4 x 48.3 cm) Overall with knobs: 107 1/4 x 22 1/2 in. (272.4 x 57.2 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Edward Elliott Family Collection, Gift of Douglas Dillon, 1986
Accession Number:
1986.266.3
Not on view
Lu Zhi presented Planting Chrysanthemums to his friend Tao in exchange for rare cuttings. To express his ideal of reclusion, Lu combined poetry with painting:

I hear you have opened up a “Tao path” near the ocean,
Where clouds of leaves and frost-covered flowers vie in
wondrous splendor.
I too have built a new residence at Zhixing Mountain,
May I share some of your autumn colors on my
eastern hedge?

The first two lines of Lu’s verse allude to “Peach Blossom Spring,” a famous poem by his friend’s namesake Tao Qian (365–427) in which a fisherman stumbles upon a hidden Utopia. In the last two lines, Lu suggests that he has planned his own Utopian retreat and refers to the growing of chrysanthemums, a passion he shared with Tao Qian.

Lu was the son of a Suzhou schoolteacher and a pupil of Wen Zhengming (1470–1559). After his father’s death, Lu supported his family by selling his paintings. About 1557 he retired to the mountains west of Suzhou, where he led a reclusive life cultivating rare flowers, poetry, and painting. Awash in mist and soft colors, the crystalline mountains in Lu’s painting perfectly evoke the dreamlike Peach Blossom Land of the immortals.
Inscription: Artist's inscription and signature (3 columns in standard script)

嘗聞海上開陶徑,雲葉霜花種種奇。
我亦支硎新卜築,好分秋色向東籬。

包山陸治為陶君索菊種賦贈。

Artist’s seals

陸治之印
陸氏叔平
包山子

Other inscription on the painting

Qing emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–95), 5 columns in semi-cursive script, dated 1777:

弗滋蘭畝種菊埭,畫格詩裁別出奇。
卻每支硎駐春蹕,空孤花節未匝籬。

丁酉新正御題。

Collectors’ seall

Ji Zhenyi 季振宜 (1630–1674)
季振宜印

An Qi 安岐 (1683–1742)
安氏儀周書畫之章

Qing emperor Qianlong 清帝乾隆 (r. 1736–95)
乾隆御覽之寳
乾隆
心賞
三希堂精鋻璽
宜子孫
乾隆鋻賞
石渠寶笈

Li Yexi 李野西 (19th c.)
李野西讀畫記
野西囗囗

Wu Puxin 吳普心 (1897–1987)
思學斋
普心長壽
南通吳氏收藏書畫印
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