Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Saint Bernard of Clairvaux

Artist:
Workshop of Fra Filippo Lippi (Italian, Florence ca. 1406–1469 Spoleto)
Date:
ca. 1447–1469
Culture:
Italian, Florence
Medium:
Tempera and gold on wood
Dimensions:
19 x 5 in. (48.3 x 12.7 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
Accession Number:
1975.1.70B
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 954
This painting and another depicting an unidentified male saint, which also belongs to the Lehman Collection (1975.1.70A), formed part of a group of eighteen panels depicting saints (now in the Courtauld Institute Gallery, London; Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts; Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Honolulu Academy of Arts, Hawaii; University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia; and on the art market, 1985), which may have adorned a sacristy cupboard. The figures in the series appear to have been executed by three different hands, several of which may derive from drawings by the early fifteenth-century Florentine artist Fra Filippo Lippi. The two Lehman panels are the most distinguished in the series, although the artist responsible for them -- a member of Lippi's workshop -- cannot be identified.
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, the twelfth-century French abbot, appears here in the white robes of the Cistercian order, which he founded. The small devil poses no threat to the saint. Bernard persuaded princes and ordinary citizens alike to embark for the Holy Land. But waves of misguided fervor also resulted in attacks on Jews in the Rhineland.
Carmine, Florence (unconfirmed); Sir John Leslie before 1885; Leslie collection (sale, Christie's, London, July 9, 1926, lot 129, bt. Buckley); Viscount Lee of Fareham; R. Langton Douglas, London. Acquired by Robert Lehman in 1928.
Royal Academy of Arts. Works by the Old Masters, Winter Exhibition. Exh. cat., London, 1885, nos. 252, 256.

Raimond van Marle. The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting. Vol. 10, The Hague, 1928, p. 578.

Langton Douglas. "Photographic Evidence." Burlington Magazine, 60 (June 1932), pp. 287-288.

Georg Pudelko. "Per la datazione delle opere di Fra Filippo Lippi." Rivista d'arte, 18 (1936), p. 56.

Bernard Berenson. Pitture italiane del Rinascimento: catalogo dei principali artisti e delle loro opere con un indice dei luoghi. Valori plastici, Milan, 1936, p. 248.

Mary Pittaluga. Filippo Lippi. Florence, 1949, pp. 207, 211, 215. Figs. 170, 171.

The Lehman Collection. Exh. cat., Cincinnati, 1959, no. 72.

Fern Rusk Shapley. Paintings from the Samuel H. Kress Collection. Vol. 1, Italian Schools: XIII–XV Century. London, 1966, p. 109.

Bernard Berenson. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Central Italian and North Italian Schools. Vol. 1, London, 1968, p. 59.

John Pope-Hennessy assisted by Laurence B. Kanter in The Robert Lehman Collection. Vol. 1, Italian Paintings. New York, 1987, pp. 176-178, no. 74.

Eliot W. Rowlands. "Two Saints From the Workshop of Fra Filippo Lippi, Their Companian Panels." Georgia Museum of Art Bulletin , 16 (1990), pp. 5-15, Figs. 3, 13, 21.

Jeffrey Ruda. Fra Filippo Lippi: Life and Work, with a Complete Catalogue. London, 1993, Cat. no. 67o, pl. 365.

Katharine Baetjer. European Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art by Artists Born before 1865: A Summary Catalogue. New York, 1995, p. 19.



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