Jane Buller, the sitter in this elegant portrait, married William Lemon in 1771 and bore ten children. Lord Lemon commissioned George Romney to paint half-length portraits of himself and his wife in 1881, when Lady Lemon was forty-years old. She sat for the painting on six occasions in Romney’s London studio. Posing the sitter in an armchair against a landscape background became a common convention in later Georgian British portraiture. Romney portrays his subject with a gentle touch.
Commissioned in 1788 by the sitter's husband, Sir William Lemon, first baronet, Carclew, Cornwall; by descent through his youngest daughter, Caroline-Mathilda, to his grandson Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Tremayne (1827-1905), Carclew, 1882-1904 or later; [Lewis and Simmons, London], 1919; [Duveen Brothers, New York]; Edward T. Stotesbury, Phildelphia, by 1932; Stotesbury sale, Parke-Bernet, New York, 18 November 1944, lot 8, ill. Purchased by Robert Lehman at the Stotesbury sale in 1944.