Standing Scholar (Prophet?) Turned to the Right (Recto); Standing Scholar (Prophet?) Turned to the Left (Verso)
Germany, Middle Rhine (ca. 1460–1470)
Germany, Middle Rhine
Pen and carbon black ink, traces of black chalk underdrawing, on paper prepared with sanguine wash
7 11/16 x 3 9/16 in. (19.5 x 9.1 cm)
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
Not on view
This standing male figure and its verso counterpart have been variously given to the Fleming Hugo van der Goes (1435/40-1482), to an anonymous Netherlandish artist, or to a Burgundian master. Actually, the idiosyncratic draftsmanship is traceable to the Middle Rhine, and the paper is of German manufacture datable to the mid-1460s.
Marking: The watermark is similar to those found in paper used in Augsburg, Esslingen, Ingolstadt, Nuremberg, and Wemding between 1455 and 1459 (Piccard-Online mos. 100476, 100480, 100484, 100553, 100652, 100656).
Watermark: part of tower (similar to Briquet 15.872, 15.873, 15.876 [ Klingenberg 1464] and Piccard, vol. 3, II, no. 364 [Esslingen, Ingelstadt, Kaisheim monastery, 1462-65]); chain lines 34 mm apart.
Unidentified private collection (CPS or CPL: unidentified collector's stamp at the lower left on the verso), possibly Vienna, ca. 1800; J.D. Böhm, Vienna (Lugt 271 on the recto); sale, Posonyi, Vienna, 4 December 1865, lot 1291 (as Hugo van der Goes); Stefan von Licht, Vienna; Edwin Czeczowiczka, Vienna; Czeczowiczka sale, Paul Graupe and C.G. Boerner, Berlin, 12 May 1930, lot 23, ill., (as Netherlandish, fifteenth century); [Matthiesen Gallery, London]. Acquired by Robert Lehman in 1959.
Artist: Martin Schongauer (German, Colmar ca. 1435/50–1491 Breisach)Date: ca. 1480–90Medium: Pen and carbon black ink, over pen and brown ink, on paper prepared with sanguine wash.Accession: 1975.1.872On view in:Not on view
Artist: Hans Baldung (called Hans Baldung Grien) (German, Schwäbisch Gmünd (?) 1484/85–1545 Strasbourg (Strassburg))Date: ca. 1510–11Medium: Pen and two shades of carbon black ink, traces of black chalk underdrawingAccession: 1975.1.855On view in:Not on view
Artist: Taddeo Zuccaro (Italian, Sant'Angelo in Vado 1529–1566 Rome)Date: ca. 1557–58Medium: Pen and brown and gray ink, brown wash, over black chalk, heightened with white, on buff paper.Accession: 1975.1.553On view in:Not on view