Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Jael

Artist:
Maarten van Heemskerck (Netherlandish, Heemskerck 1498–1574 Haarlem)
Date:
ca. 1560
Medium:
Pen and black ink over black chalk; traced for transfer; remains of original borderline at the top and bottom left
Dimensions:
7 5/16 x 9 3/4 in. (18.6 x 24.7 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
Accession Number:
1975.1.780
Not on view
Jael, who killed Sisera, commander of the Canaanite forces, by driving a stake through his temple (Judges 4:17-21), is one of the Eight Exemplary Women from the Old and New Testament who are represented in a series of engravings (printed around 1560) after designs by van Heemskerck, of which this drawing is one. The engravings attained instant renown, for by 1568 they were mentioned in the second edition of Vasari’s Vite. Marten van Heemskerck was one of the first Netherlandish artists to make designs expressly for reproduction by professional printmakers. The almost seven hundred engravings and etchings after his designs had a lasting impact on subsequent generations of Dutch painters.
Inscription: Inscribed on the column: IAEL / Martinus / van / Heemsker[k] / inventor / 1560

Marking: Annotated on the verso in the hand of R. P. Roupell: "These drawings have all been Engraved. / They were sold in McGowans Collection in 1804 - there were six in the / original set. McGowan had only four of these - and one has again / got separated from the four- I bought the four / from Hamilton in 1860- / For an account of them see Vasari' s Lives of the painters' Tom. 2 p. 310 / of the 4th Ed. Florence / R.P.R.; and in the hand of R.P. Roupell with additions by a later hand: "Kerricks' Catalogue p. 7 / Reveleys Coll. Christies 1852 (L. 1356) / J. McGowan, 1804 / R.P. Roupell Coll. London 1887 (L. 2234)."
John MacGouan, Edinburgh (Lugt 1496 on the verso); MacGouan sale, T. Philipe, London, 26 January-4 February 1804, lot 305; Henry Reveley, Bryn y gwin, North Wales (Lugt 1356 on the recto); Reveley sale, Christie's, London, 11-12 May 1852; [Hamilton], 1860; Robert P. Roupell, London (Lugt 2234 on the verso); Roupell sale, Christie, Manson and Woods, 12-14 July 1887, lot 998; possibly Heinrich Loedel, Göttingen (Lugt 1331 cut out from the old mount and glued down on the verso); sale, Karl and Faber, Munich, 16 November 1959, lot 108, ill.; [Robert M. Light and Co., Boston]. Acquired by Robert Lehman in 1963.
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