This drawing relates to The Death of Seneca, one of Delacroix’s ceiling paintings found in the library of the Chambre des Députés in the Palais Bourbon, Paris (now the Assemblé Nationale). The Roman philosopher-dramatist Seneca was implicated in a conspiracy to kill Nero. Ordered by the emperor to commit suicide, he stoically met his fate by having his veins opened, presumably while standing in a bath. Delacroix adroitly captures the recoiling, suicidal figure.
Marking: Studio stamp in red (lower right): E.D Verso: lot de 8 pièces ofon/ ce croquis seul odon/ a servi pour le Sénèques/ dans son bain/ (Chambre des députés)
Delacroix studio sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, February 19, 1864; to A. Robaut (?); Marius de Zayas, New York; De Zayas sale at Anderson Galleries, New York, 1923, lot 63. Acquired by Robert Lehman by 1942.