Francesco Xanto Avelli da Rovigo (Italian, Rovigo ca.1487–1542)
Maiolica (tin-glazed earthenware)
Diam. 10 1/2 in. (26.6 cm)
Robert Lehman Collection, 1975
Not on view
This splendid plate formed part of one of the largest majolica services ever made, commissioned by Piero Maria Pucci (1467–1547) of Florence, whose arms are visible at the center. Highly distinguished in the first half of the sixteenth century, Pucci family members served under the Medici popes Leo X (r. 1513-21) and Clement VII (r. 1523-34). Thirty-seven pieces from the maiolica service survive (including four in the Lehman Collection: see also 1975.1.1131; 1975.1.1134; 1975.1.1135), all painted in Urbino by the celebrated maiolica painter Francesco Xanto Avelli da Rovigo in 1532 and 1533. Some pieces were sent to Gubbio to be completed with luster decoration under Xanto’s direction. This plate portrays the story of Apollo catching the fleeing nymph Daphne, his first love, who turns into a laurel tree.
Inscription: [in blue on the back] 1532 / Apoll, Daphne, e Cupi / do, e l'Arco, e, Strali / Nel I Li, de Ouidio Meth : (Apollo, Daphne, and Cupid and the bow and arrows. From Book I of Ovid's Metamorphoses) / f: X A da / Rouigo, i / Vrbino
Albert Gérard, Paris (sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, June 18-23, 1900, lot 222); Alfred Israel Pringsheim, Munich, later Zurich (1850-1941); sale*, Sotheby's, London, June 8, 1939, lot 185; [Julius Goldschmidt, London, for Lehman]; acquired by Robert Lehman through Goldschmidt Galleries, New York, 1939.
*Alfred Pringsheim was a German Jewish collector. During Kristallnacht, in November 1938, the SS seized Pringsheim’s majolica collection from his home in Munich. It was stored in the annex to the Bayerishches National Museum, Munich. In March 1939, the German Ministry of Trade authorized export of Pringsheim's majolica collection to London for auction at Sotheby's, provided that 80% of the proceeds up to £ 20,000 and 70% of the remainder be paid to the German Gold Discount Bank in foreign currency. Pringsheim was to receive the remaining proceeds. In exchange, Pringsheim and his wife were allowed to emigrate to Switzerland. See Timothy Wilson, "Alfred Pringsheim and his Collection of Italian Maiolica," in Otto von Falke, Die Majolikasammlung Alfred Pringsheim, augmented reprint with articles by Tjark Hausman, Carmen Ravanelli-Guidotti and Timothy Wilson, Ferrara 1994, vol. 3, pp. 85-87. After the war, the Pringsheim heirs received restitution of the sale proceeds paid to the Reichsbank pursuant to a settlement agreement with the German government. Minutes of a closed session of the Reparation Claims Office I for Upper Bavaria, Munich, March 11, 1955.